Bitcoin 100 free icons (SVG, EPS, PSD, PNG files)

AIAScoin

AIAScoin [AIAS] is the premier solution to revolutionise the cryptocurrency and payment processing industry. Our concept revolves around a fast, private, secure, Peer-to-Peer (P2P) blockchain, and an automated payment processing system that can be implemented to all websites that require it. Masternodes will be incorporated into our system to ensure the privacy and speed of transactions.
[link]

Jobs that pay in cryptocurrency

A place to find odd jobs that pay in cryptocurrency.
[link]

Looking for moderators!

I'm looking for moderators who are...
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Click "message the moderators" or the envelope icon next to the moderators list to send a message. In the subject box type "moderator application," in the message box provide a reason why you would like to be a moderator along with proof of all requirements listed above. Thank you!
submitted by Z3KE_SK1 to bitcoinmaximalism [link] [comments]

It's finally here! Tautulli v2 [beta] (formerly PlexPy v2)

It's finally here! Tautulli v2 [beta] (formerly PlexPy v2).

The long awaited for PlexPy v2 is finally here with a new name Tautulli! Also check us out on the new Plex Labs!
I'm looking for some brave people to help me test some new feature before I fully release them. It's a very big update so I want to make sure everything is working.
Warning: This may mess up your PlexPy install and/or your database. You have been warned. Only join the beta if you are serious about testing and reporting bugs, otherwise I strongly recommend you wait until the final release.

Changelog

v2.0.0-beta (2017-12-18)

v2.0.1-beta (2017-12-19)

v2.0.2-beta (2017-12-24)

v2.0.3-beta (2017-12-25)

v2.0.4-beta (2017-12-29)

v2.0.5-beta (2017-12-31)

v2.0.6-beta (2017-12-31)

v2.0.7-beta (2018-01-01)

v2.0.8-beta (2018-01-03)

v2.0.9-beta (2018-01-03)

v2.0.10-beta (2018-01-04)

v2.0.11-beta (2018-01-05)

v2.0.12-beta (2018-01-07)

v2.0.13-beta (2018-01-13)

v2.0.14-beta (2018-01-20)

v2.0.15-beta (2018-01-27)

v2.0.16-beta (2018-01-30)

v2.0.17-beta (2018-02-03)

v2.0.18-beta (2018-02-12)

v2.0.19-beta (2018-02-16)

v2.0.20-beta (2018-02-24)

v2.0.21-beta (2018-03-04)

v2.0.22-beta (2018-03-09)

"I'm interested! Where do I sign up?"

Assuming you already have PlexPy installed using git, all you need to do is follow these steps:
  1. Backup your database! Go to the PlexPy Settings > General tab > Backup Database. You will need to restore this if something messes up. I'm not helping you if you mess up your database and you didn't create a backup.
  2. Shut down PlexPy by going to Settings > Shutdown.
  3. Using your shell/command line, run the following from the PlexPy folder:
    git fetch git checkout beta 
  4. Start Tautulli as normal.
  5. Post below if you find any bugs (include logs). Please don't post on GitHub issues or the Plex forum thread with bugs/issues from the beta test. If you do, I will laugh at you and delete your post.
    • Please read the issues guidelines before report any problems, and refer to the FAQ for common issues.
    • New features can be submitted on FeatHub (use the search to see if it has already been requested). Please read the feature request guidelines before requesting new features.
    • Join the Discord Server chat for faster help and general chit chat. (Note: the Gitter chat is no longer being used.)
If you want to revert back to the version of PlexPy before beta testing:
Warning: You will not be able to use your v2 database with v1!
  1. Shut down Tautulli by going to Settings > Shutdown.
  2. Restore your backed up plexpy.db file (it can be found in the backup folder).
  3. Using your shell/command line, run the following from the PlexPy folder:
    git checkout master 
  4. Start PlexPy as normal.
Buy me a coffee if you want to support the project! - PayPal | Bitcoin: 3FdfJAyNWU15Sf11U9FTgPHuP1hPz32eEN

Answers to your questions:

  • Why did you call it Tautulli?
    • Because it sounds cool and means "to watch or monitor" in Inuktitut.
  • I don't like the new name!
    • That's too bad. Also, that is not a question.
  • When will v2 be out of beta?
    • When I feel like there are no more major bugs with it. SoonTM.
  • Is there an iOS app?
    • No, there isn't. It costs money to be an iOS developer.
submitted by SwiftPanda16 to PleX [link] [comments]

[TASK] Create a themed set of icon vectors.

EDIT: Task is currently on hold. I have been overwhelmed with some amazing offers and portfolios - I need some time to review the current list.

In the coming weeks I'd like to have a set of 10 to 20 website icons (for section headers) created using my own theme, colours and style.
These will be line style icons with a Technical / Cyber Security theme. Clean, simple and consistent is the aim here. For example, I think this website has a beautiful set of icons used throughout the it.

PROVIDED:
I will provide you with:
You'll need to come up with the concept and create the icon.

DELIVERABLES:
For each icon, it should be delivered:
I am offering $1 per icon, with a minimum of 15 icons ordered upfront. Ideally, I'd love to be able to continue to order more icons individually later on as well. I prefer payment in Bitcoin and communication on Discord.
submitted by BenAlexanders to slavelabour [link] [comments]

Famous Persons in Crypto Industry

Famous Persons in Crypto Industry
Like any developing industry, the cryptocurrency world has its own stars and celebrities. StealthEX has made a list of the most influential people in the crypto world. So here are the TOP-5 people who are leading the digital revolution by transforming financial markets.
https://preview.redd.it/yvwnnlx684c41.jpg?width=1024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=8bcafdde3a784060e7fff1d8bdf591861769d11f
Brad Garlinghouse
Ripple’s CEO, investor, businessman and a huge fan of blockchain technology.
Garlinghouse was born on February 6, 1971, in Kansas, USA. He has a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from the University of Kansas and holds an MBA diploma from Harvard Business School.
Brad has worked for some major technology companies, such as Yahoo, AOL, Hightail, Tonic Health.
Nowadays he is the CEO of Ripple (a real-time gross settlement system, currency exchange, and remittance network) and a member of its Board of Directors. Ripple (XRP) is the world’s largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization and Brad as CEO owns 6% of the company’s stock.
“There are a lot of really fabulous things that get done with digital assets and blockchain technologies to reduce friction, to reduce costs, and enable things that weren’t possible before.”
Brian Armstrong
CEO and co-founder of the Coinbase platform, software engineer, risk manager, and public speaker.
Brian Armstrong was born in 1983 in San Jose, California. Armstrong was interested in technology at school and learned Java and CSS at an early age. He got his first job at school: he created websites for local businesses. In 2001, Armstrong joined Ryerson University in Houston and studied economics and computer science.
After graduation, he was an intern at IBM and then worked as a consultant and risk manager at Deloitte & Touche. Later, he founded the UniversityTutor.com, which allowed users to search for a suitable tutor based on various parameters: education, location, and topics. Brian also worked as a software engineer at Airbnb.com.
Great success came to Brian with the creation of a digital currency exchange platform – Coinbase. Today Coinbase serves 9.5 million customers in 32 countries and the volume of completed transactions exceeds $20 billion. Armstrong’s fortune is estimated in the range of $900 million — $1 billion.
“We can actually change the line, actually bend this curve and materially change the economic freedom of the entire world by what we’re going to build. … The vision for Coinbase is creating more economic freedom for every person and business in the world over the next ten years.”
Charlie Lee
Creator of Litecoin, managing director of the Litecoin Foundation, computer scientist and an iconic figure in the cryptocurrency community.
Charlie was born in West Africa and moved to the United States with his family at the age of 13. Charlie received a Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in Computer Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). After graduation, Lee worked as a programmer at Kana Communications, Guidewire Software, and Google.
Charlie Lee first learned about cryptocurrency in 2011 and decided to create his own coin — Litecoin, which became the best version of Bitcoin: transactions became faster, the number of coins increased, another mining algorithm appeared.
Now Charlie Lee is engaged in the popularization of digital currencies as an expert in the field of blockchain technology.
“I believe that cryptocurrency will take over fiat currency and become the reserve currency.”
Changpeng Zhao
Founder and CEO of Binance, computer scientist and China’s crypto-king.
Zhao was born in Jiangsu province in China and moved with his family to Canada in the late 1980s. He graduated from McGill University with a major in Computer Science. Before setting up his own company, Zhao worked at OKCoin and Bloomberg.
In July 2017, Zhao launched the cryptocurrency exchange platform — Binance. The ability of the platform to process a high number of transactions (1.4 million per second) and a reliable system of protection quickly made the Binance one of the most popular crypto exchanges in the world. In January 2018, Binance came out on top among crypto-exchanges in the world in terms of the trading volume. And Zhao, who became the owner of about $2 billion in crypto, got on the cover of Forbes magazine.
Today Changpeng Zhao is one of the main figures of the crypto world who is actively promoting cryptocurrencies in Asia and North America.
“Cryptocurrency will survive regardless of any one country. Most countries that try to ban bitcoin cause their citizens to want cryptocurrency more.”
Vitalik Buterin
Co-founder of Ethereum, co-founder of Bitcoin Magazine, computer scientist and wunderkind.
On January 31, 2018, the guy will only turn 25, but he has already had a significant impact on the crypto industry.
Vitalik was born in Kolomna, Russia and moved to Canada at the age of six with his family. He has always had a flair for math and programming. His favourite childhood toy was Microsoft Excel.
Buterin is the winner of the Thiel Fellowship, thanks to which he was able to focus on the study of the Bitcoin network and then create his own — Ethereum, which has been called “the world’s hottest new cryptocurrency.” Ethereum network allowed to launch a giant ICO market, the volume of which almost $4 billion.
Nowadays Buterin works with such companies as Microsoft, HP, and JPMorgan. He was ranked “30 most promising entrepreneurs under the age of 30” by Forbes magazine.
“The main advantage of blockchain technology is supposed to be that it’s more secure, but new technologies are generally hard for people to trust, and this paradox can’t really be avoided.”
Who do you think should be in this top list? Share your thoughts in the comments below.
And remember no matter how famous and influential you are in the crypto world, you can always exchange your coin on StealthEX.io ;)
Follow us on Medium, Twitter, Facebook to get StealthEX.io updates and the latest news about the crypto world. For all requests message us via [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
submitted by Stealthex_io to CryptoBeginners [link] [comments]

Famous Persons in Crypto Industry

Famous Persons in Crypto Industry
Like any developing industry, the cryptocurrency world has its own stars and celebrities. StealthEX has made a list of the most influential people in the crypto world. So here are the TOP-5 people who are leading the digital revolution by transforming financial markets.
https://preview.redd.it/mo83mbun64c41.jpg?width=1024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=8a47b98b96b40d378cf2aaaca171722a97e54d6d
Brad Garlinghouse
Ripple’s CEO, investor, businessman and a huge fan of blockchain technology.
Garlinghouse was born on February 6, 1971, in Kansas, USA. He has a Bachelor’s degree in Economics from the University of Kansas and holds an MBA diploma from Harvard Business School.
Brad has worked for some major technology companies, such as Yahoo, AOL, Hightail, Tonic Health.
Nowadays he is the CEO of Ripple (a real-time gross settlement system, currency exchange, and remittance network) and a member of its Board of Directors. Ripple (XRP) is the world’s largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization and Brad as CEO owns 6% of the company’s stock.
“There are a lot of really fabulous things that get done with digital assets and blockchain technologies to reduce friction, to reduce costs, and enable things that weren’t possible before.”
Brian Armstrong
CEO and co-founder of the Coinbase platform, software engineer, risk manager, and public speaker.
Brian Armstrong was born in 1983 in San Jose, California. Armstrong was interested in technology at school and learned Java and CSS at an early age. He got his first job at school: he created websites for local businesses. In 2001, Armstrong joined Ryerson University in Houston and studied economics and computer science.
After graduation, he was an intern at IBM and then worked as a consultant and risk manager at Deloitte & Touche. Later, he founded the UniversityTutor.com, which allowed users to search for a suitable tutor based on various parameters: education, location, and topics. Brian also worked as a software engineer at Airbnb.com.
Great success came to Brian with the creation of a digital currency exchange platform – Coinbase. Today Coinbase serves 9.5 million customers in 32 countries and the volume of completed transactions exceeds $20 billion. Armstrong’s fortune is estimated in the range of $900 million — $1 billion.
“We can actually change the line, actually bend this curve and materially change the economic freedom of the entire world by what we’re going to build. … The vision for Coinbase is creating more economic freedom for every person and business in the world over the next ten years.”
Charlie Lee
Creator of Litecoin, managing director of the Litecoin Foundation, computer scientist and an iconic figure in the cryptocurrency community.
Charlie was born in West Africa and moved to the United States with his family at the age of 13. Charlie received a Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in Computer Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). After graduation, Lee worked as a programmer at Kana Communications, Guidewire Software, and Google.
Charlie Lee first learned about cryptocurrency in 2011 and decided to create his own coin — Litecoin, which became the best version of Bitcoin: transactions became faster, the number of coins increased, another mining algorithm appeared.
Now Charlie Lee is engaged in the popularization of digital currencies as an expert in the field of blockchain technology.
“I believe that cryptocurrency will take over fiat currency and become the reserve currency.”
Changpeng Zhao
Founder and CEO of Binance, computer scientist and China’s crypto-king.
Zhao was born in Jiangsu province in China and moved with his family to Canada in the late 1980s. He graduated from McGill University with a major in Computer Science. Before setting up his own company, Zhao worked at OKCoin and Bloomberg.
In July 2017, Zhao launched the cryptocurrency exchange platform — Binance. The ability of the platform to process a high number of transactions (1.4 million per second) and a reliable system of protection quickly made the Binance one of the most popular crypto exchanges in the world. In January 2018, Binance came out on top among crypto-exchanges in the world in terms of the trading volume. And Zhao, who became the owner of about $2 billion in crypto, got on the cover of Forbes magazine.
Today Changpeng Zhao is one of the main figures of the crypto world who is actively promoting cryptocurrencies in Asia and North America.
“Cryptocurrency will survive regardless of any one country. Most countries that try to ban bitcoin cause their citizens to want cryptocurrency more.”
Vitalik Buterin
Co-founder of Ethereum, co-founder of Bitcoin Magazine, computer scientist and wunderkind.
On January 31, 2018, the guy will only turn 25, but he has already had a significant impact on the crypto industry.
Vitalik was born in Kolomna, Russia and moved to Canada at the age of six with his family. He has always had a flair for math and programming. His favourite childhood toy was Microsoft Excel.
Buterin is the winner of the Thiel Fellowship, thanks to which he was able to focus on the study of the Bitcoin network and then create his own — Ethereum, which has been called “the world’s hottest new cryptocurrency.” Ethereum network allowed to launch a giant ICO market, the volume of which almost $4 billion.
Nowadays Buterin works with such companies as Microsoft, HP, and JPMorgan. He was ranked “30 most promising entrepreneurs under the age of 30” by Forbes magazine.
“The main advantage of blockchain technology is supposed to be that it’s more secure, but new technologies are generally hard for people to trust, and this paradox can’t really be avoided.”
Who do you think should be in this top list? Share your thoughts in the comments below.
And remember no matter how famous and influential you are in the crypto world, you can always exchange your coin on StealthEX. Just go to http://stealthex.io and choose the pair and the amount for your exchange. Then follow these easy steps:
✔ Choose the pair and the amount for your exchange. For example BTC to ETH.
✔ Press the “Start exchange” button.
✔ Provide the recipient address to which the coins will be transferred.
✔ Move your cryptocurrency for the exchange.
✔ Receive your coins.
Follow us on Medium, Twitter, Facebook to get StealthEX.io updates and the latest news about the crypto world. For all requests message us via [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
submitted by Stealthex_io to StealthEX [link] [comments]

DOGE support has been added to SWIFT's web/mobile wallet

DOGE support has been added to SWIFT's web/mobile wallet
https://preview.redd.it/1xbpzdjf5ey21.png?width=346&format=png&auto=webp&s=089cca3e0de1578fd106361ca89df3bbf7e7fe0a

SwiftCash - Web Wallet

SWIFT's web wallet is an open-source wallet written in html, css and javascript. All signatures are handled on the client-side and private keys never leave the browser. To secure the account of users who login with an email and password rather than a private key, the wallet hashes the email and passsword 144,000 times, and then uses the final hash to create an address and private key in the end. The wallet also enforces very strong passwords using a password strength meter to further secure the accounts against brute-force attacks.

Hosting

This web wallet is hosted on github, and can be verified and accessed via the following links:
To avoid becoming a victim of phishing attacks, make sure you always double check the domain in your browser's address bar. You can also download the wallet and run it locally. But you're still going to need Internet in order to transact with the blockchain.

BTC, LTC and DOGE Support

Bitcoin, Litecoin and Dogecoin transactions are created and signed locally and then sent to their own networks using api(s) provided by https://chain.so/ - https://www.blockcypher.com is also used for following up on transaction details.

Login With Your Private Key(s)

You can login with a SwiftCash, Bitcoin, Litecoin or Dogecoin private key. If you login with a SwiftCash private key, the wallet will generate a Bitcoin, Litecoin and Dogecoin address using your SwiftCash private key. If you login with a Bitcoin private key, the wallet will generate a SwiftCash, Litecoin and Dogecoin address using your Bitcoin private key. And so will be the case if you login with a Litecoin or Dogecoin private key. It is however highly recommended to use email and password to login if you intend to stash all your cryptos in the same wallet per se, and only use the login with private key feature to spend your paper or brain wallets.

Transaction Fees

The wallet enforces a minimum of 0.002 SWIFT, 0.0001 BTC, 0.001 LTC and 1 DOGE transaction fees and allows users to increase this fee. To help avoid situations in which ridiculously high fees are paid by accident, the wallet enforces a maximum of 0.2 SWIFT, 0.01 BTC, 0.1 LTC and 100 DOGE transaction fees.

Change Addresses

By default, all changes are sent back to the sender's address. To specify a custom change address, click on the funnel icon. You need to specify a custom change address everytime you login or switch between different coins, to override the default behavior.

Notes

  • To copy your address, click on the copy icon next to your address.
  • To refresh your balance, click on the lightning icon next to your balance.
  • To view your balance in US dollars, click on your balance.
  • To specify a custom change address, click on the funnel icon.
  • To change/adjust the transaction fee, click on the wrench icon.
  • To copy your private key, click on the key icon.

License

Copyright (C) 2018-2019 SwiftCash Developers
This software is provided as is and with no warranty under the MIT license.

Donation Addresses

  • SWIFT: SXucSXaV5HURNyJUWnPrVFHTdRzoU2u19F
  • BTC: 1BccQgoLLvHDrfX1yMQmwM8tyemNe84ZjJ
  • LTC: LVqZfu7ARaXH7UDB9VQ5DNCfBs8eqfRRNx
  • DOGE: DFkhwwjyeLBWPfhchwQLV7JVrnVg45zgh6

Support

For support, join http://discord.swiftcash.cc

Whitepaper

To find out more about SwiftCash, consider reading our whitepaper! https://swiftcash.cc/assets/whitepaper.pdf
submitted by msg768 to dogecoin [link] [comments]

\Applying for CryptoCurrency Mod/

  1. 1 year + and 1851 Positive karma.
  2. No external subs. Have experience with CSS, SCSS, and even some frameworks for styling. Programmed a simple Javascript bot for auto free rolls and reward redemptions on a bitcoin faucet website I won’t name, even though they written no policy or stances on bots.
  3. None.
  4. VET and NAV are invested in. BTC as a default, invested in. Have interest in ICON, XRP, RVN, NULS, IOST and ETH.
  5. Eastern Standard time (EST). Pretty active on reddit due to consistent time implementations of FullStack development and also interest in learning more of blockchain development.
  6. I am hoping to become a capable developer for all types of development of interest. Currently mostly proficient in Front End development, FullStack capable, dabbled in some blockchain tech stacks (Web3js, IPFS so far.). Keep on learning and implementing projects, network and expand connections for sole development purposes, and interests in coding expands beyond the listed activities. Machine learning is also something I’d I want to spend more time on, however keeping pace in my current area is better to pace on. FullStack and sometimes even replacing the typical CRUD for RW (blockchain networks) depending on projects of interests.
  7. Not at the time being. Gathering resources on reddit for possible research content and interests relating to cryptocurrency is the primary use of my account.
  8. If developing and assisting with bot development is apart of the responsibility, I’d definitely be interested.
submitted by Cuzah to CryptoRecruiting [link] [comments]

Design, usability, and performance concerns with the redesign.

Performance

First there's the performance issues. My reasonably powerful laptop (last gen i7, 8 gb ram) grinds to a complete halt with half a dozen new reddit tabs open and nothing else. By comparison, I currently have seven old reddit tabs open, eight youtube tabs open, four pdf tabs, three wikipedia tabs, 13 random blogs open, a bunch of wiki articles, and a few misc. tabs. That whole mess uses 6-8 gigs of ram, so it's starting to get a little swappy. That's just chrome - I've got some libreoffice docs, Spotify, LyX, and even Eclipse open right now.
But new reddit? New reddit will happily consume 1/4 of my ram with a SINGLE TAB.
CPU is the same story. With current load, I'm totaling around 10% on average, spiking to 20%. A single new reddit tab will consume 10-15%. I'll repeat. A single reddit tab will use more CPU than my current ~40 tabs and five other programs. Is it mining Bitcoin? I wouldn't be surprised.

Layout

Comment section

Here's a screenshot of old reddit comments in a single tab. Note that the comments themselves stretch across 75-80% of the screen.
Here's a screenshot of new reddit comments in the modal on the exact same post. Notice how the comment section has shrunk to roughly 45% of my screen, and note that the new layout takes up about 15% more vertical space for the same content. It only gets more pronounced when actual discussion is happening (read: large posts), and it strikes me as poor design.
The entire overlay modal thing is ... not good. Clicking outside the box obliterates your place in the comments. Trying to scroll with your mouse if it's not over the overlay? Broken. Trying to scroll with arrow keys without clicking inside the overlay box again? Nope. Trying to not post a comment you started and then came back to? Good luck.
It doesn't get better when I manage to get to the comments in their own tab. New tab comments. Note that despite the fact that there's no front page below it, the size hasn't increased at all. Open two tabs and switch between them if you don't believe it.
To get a similar (though still smaller) number of comments into a much narrower space, they've resorted to cramping everything. Note that the indent between comment levels is much less pronounced, for example.
Let's see what else is worse in just these comment screenshots. We've gone from several different colors (dark green username, light green timestamp, bold point count, regular black comment text, and grey post options at the bottom, to "Everything is the exact same shade of grey now, except that the point count and timestamp are almost completely greyed out". That's not an improvement.
Speaking of the below the comment options, we've seemingly lost permalink, embed, source, and parent. I understand that source is an RES feature, but that doesn't make losing it any easier. The orders have also changed, but I'll grant the new order seems more logical.
Post collapsing is different. It's not better, but it's possible that I don't like it just because it's different. I do note you can't just click again to uncollapse if you collapse something by mistake, but that's minor.

Front page

New
Old
This is the frontpage in "classic" mode. The other modes (a) not reddit and (b) implemented even less well. (I won't even try tearing them apart, but the lack of a "comments" button in compact mode and the fact that I can see literally 1.5 posts at once in card mode would be a good place to start).
First, the number of posts has dropped from 9 to 7. Not a huge deal, but it does suggest the new design should feel more open, and it absolutely doesn't. The new design, despite the additional space you'd expect it to have gained by reducing the amount of content on screen, has also removed every post option besides the share and comments button. Everything else is behind a three dot menu, despite there being truly ample space. Post sorting is similarly hidden, electing for a drop down menu instead of a tabbed style interface. Sure, radio buttons are bad yadda yadda, but there's plenty of space and the new way is worse.
Similarly, the link to my profile, preferences, and logout are also hidden behind a menu. This menu does add a feedback form, but hiding three very common options behind a menu is inconvenient, and again, worse.
Putting everything behind menus might not even be so bad if it weren't for the fact that everything is clickable now. Any part of this box brings up the exact same floating window within a window, except the upvote/downvote arrows and the share button. Share brings up yet another menu, but with only two options it's a little baffling that you wouldn't just ... have two options to begin with? So to close a menu, I either have to go through with clicking inside the menu, or finding a space in the sidebar to the right, which compared to the old version is now inexplicably empty. Oh, and putting literally everything in boxes? Can you think of a single other website that puts the entire front page into boxes when a tiny bit of whitespace would do just as well? YouTube doesn't. Imgur barely does it, and it actually works for their layout. Slashdot doesn't. Fucking CNN doesn't even do that. But the new reddit design? Boxes and borders everywhere.
Worse yet, behavior is now inconsistent with how the entire rest of the internet works. There's no longer a reasonable way to click the ACTUAL LINK TO THE ACTUAL THING without first opening the stupid modal, loading all the comments into ram, and then clicking this tiny abbreviated link. See it? It's the tiny blue thing that ends in "/wiki/B..." when the rest of the link is simply "/wiki/Bill_Hader#Early_life". Why is it abbreviated? God knows. Why is there a tiny the title just being the link to the thing? Not even God knows that one. There's already a stereotype of people simply not reading the article. Now, people may not realize there's an article AT ALL.
Let me say that again. The links on the front page aren't even real links anymore. That's not poor design, that's obviously user hostile and designed to get us to spend more and more time on reddit, never leaving to the very links it's purporting to deliver to us.
Oh, and report, save, hide, and give gold are in a submenu now too. Sure.
The comments button does inconsistent things depending on how you click it now. Single click? Might as well not even have a comments button, because it does the exact same (stupid) thing it does if I click anywhere else in the box. Right or middle click? Now it's a real link to a comments page!
And the list just goes on, and on, and on. Search? The one that promises to search for community, post, or user? Right. Ads are disguised as real posts. Everything is javascript so you might as well give up on using your back button right now. /nfl still doesn't have functional flairs. CSS is gone (though its return keeps being promised). There are bugs basically everywhere, and no bug tracker. Profile pages are awful, and pushed onto the legacy site unless you change it in settings. All the buttons that haven't been simply removed are either entirely grayed out or giant touchable javascripty messes. Though it doesn't affect me personally, accessibility is an atrocity - keyboard browsing is effectively impossible. The thumbnail choices are just worse. Icons have been added where they're not necessary (reply, comments, share, etc).

Improvements

I do feel that the hamburger menu might be an improvement, especially if it started collapsed by default. I haven't used it enough to be sure, but it seems helpful and unobtrusive.
The floating top bar is simply a change. It loses some screen space for some additional features.
The fancy pants editor is probably better than markdown for new users, and maybe even for long-time users who only learned enough markdown to get by.
Image hosting is good. Video hosting has the potential to be good.
Some ideas of the redesign, like a card view, aren't even bad, just implemented ... poorly. But the classic mode is in my opinion worse than the original in almost every way, especially with RES.

Conclusion

I wrote a whole lot to say very little. I dislike the new design, even looking past the endless parade of bugs and hogging of system resources, and I don't want to use it. Please don't make me use it, and please fix the "bug" that undoes "use old reddit" every few days. Please don't implement a design that takes the worst parts of material design and implements them in a non-responsive way, while nevertheless using resources like you're testing one tab at a time on a supercomputer.
In short, please do better.
submitted by anonymous_rocketeer to redesign [link] [comments]

Professional Styled Leagues for Silver, Gold, and MG players

Hi, I’m Noble, the founder of CompeteLeague. We’ve been around the League of Legends scene for almost two years now, completing several tournaments and giving a professional experience to a wide variety of players. Today, I’m proud to announce that we are expanding to Counter Strike: Global Offensive.
 
I'm off to bed for tonight, I will answer all other questions when I wake up tomorrow! Thank you guys for the support!
 
tl;dr
If you’re interested in competing or being involved in a weekly broadcasted CS:GO league, we’re hosting 2 month leagues for Silver 1-Silver Elite Master and Gold Nova 1-Master Guardian 2 that are open to all. More info below. Launch date should be around Late Summer, leave your email at competeleague.com to get more info when it’s available, and if you’re interested in helping out you can apply for a role on our staff here: http://competeleague.com/#page6.. We are also considering a higher ranked tournament if there is enough demand for it!
 
About CompeteLeague
First and foremost, we promise not to use your computer to mine for bitcoins. CompeteLeague launched 2 years ago as a small venture for League of Legends competition with the goal of bringing a competitive scene to gamers of every level. We had only 1 league featuring 8 teams. We had 4 casters and only about 10 people on staff. Needless to say, it was very hard to run, and quickly we learned to be more prepared and to plan out our structure. Following our first successful season we had a chance to broaden our staff and host 3 leagues at the same time, featuring a total of 24 teams. Our staff had grown to over 30 people for North American League of Legends. We tracked player’s stats, helped them on game day, and answered many, many questions. It required long hours of work, and it paid off. It was a very fun and successful season. Recently we’ve taken some time off to improve our service across the board and create a much improved environment for the players, we’re now expanding from only featuring League of Legends in North America to European LoL, NA LoL, and now NA CS:GO.
 
What We Need
Our CS:GO expansion is just beginning so we need people who are willing to volunteer their time to help create an awesome competitive environment for lower bracket CS:GO players. We have needs for casters, admins, moderators, game day managers and more. If you’d like to help but you’re unsure about what you can do or would like to do, feel free to message me on here, ask in the comments, etc. Please note that all staff positions are not paid and completely volunteer, if you would like to help please visit http://competeleague.com/#page6. More information on the staff positions can be found below.
 
Scheduling
What we plan to do is offer a competitive scene for players of lower skill brackets in matchmaking. Currently our brackets for CS:GO will be as follows:
Silver 1 - Silver Elite Master Gold Nova 1 - Master Guardian 2 TBA
Thursdays Fridays TBA
5-10 PM Central 5-10 PM Central TBA
Leagues are being developed and are scheduled to start late this Summer.
 
Format
Every team that signs up will be able to play, whether it’s before the season, or in the middle of the season. Our leagues will feature Premier Leagues and Open Leagues. The Premier League will have 10 locked in teams playing twice each week for nine weeks, and will be streamed and casted. Each team will play every other team twice in a round robin format, and league position will be determined by win/loss ratio. Here is an example of a week’s schedule for a Premier League.
Time CT T Map Streamed?
5 PM Team1 Team2 de_cache Yes
5 PM Team3 Team4 de_cache No (1)
5 PM Team5 Team6 de_cache No (2)
6 PM Team7 Team8 de_mirage Yes
6 PM Team9 Team10 de_mirage No (1)
6 PM Team3 Team2 de_mirage No (2)
7 PM Team1 Team4 de_dust2 Yes
7 PM Team5 Team10 de_dust2 No (1)
8 PM Team6 Team8 de_train Yes
8 PM Team7 Team9 de_train No (1)
Our Open Leagues also run for 9 weeks, parallel to the Premier Leagues, and will have each team playing 2 weekly games. Teams will be able to join up for an open league and have their first match in between 7 and 13 days. League position is determined by points, each win earning a team 3 points, each loss earning a team 1 point, and missing a game resulting in -1 point. At the end of both our Premier League and our Open league, we host playoff/promotion tournaments to determine the league's outright winners happen over the space of 4 weeks.
 
Pricing
Unfortunately, for Counter Strike, we will have to charge for our services due to the costs of dedicated servers and anti-cheat software that is exclusive to CS:GO. It’s against our business model and desires to charge our players, but due to the costs of operating in the CS amateur scene it’s necessary here. All the money from teams will be invested back into competeleague to cover those costs with any extra going towards prizing, upkeep of the site, and improvement of services.
Our first estimates have it at $37.50 per team to participate ($7.50 each for a team of 5, or less if spread out with substitutes), which covers a full season’s worth of playing, including playoffs (a total of 13 gameplay weeks from when you sign up). No matter when you join, the cost will cover the same amount of time for playing. Even if you join halfway through the season into the Open bracket, your team pays the fee and you’re ready to go. You’ll enjoy playing the rest of the season, and playoffs (if you qualify), and it will cover the first weeks of the next season, until the join point of the previous season.
 
Qualifying
For teams signing up for the first season, there will be a qualifier tournament for each Premier League, the top 10 teams will move onto the Premier League, while all other teams will participate in the Open League. This tournament will not count towards the 13 weeks of gameplay paid for, and will just be to seed the Premier League teams for the first season. After this tournament all new sign up teams will be entered into the Open Leagues and have to qualify for Premier Leagues through promotion.
 
Smurfing
We have two years of experience with similarly formatted leagues for League of Legends and have several developed ways to detect smurfing. We won’t be disclosing all of our methods of detecting smurfs, but we comb through each individual’s profile very thoroughly, to make sure their entry into our leagues is genuine, and we’ve proven to be very effective in our other leagues. Finding smurfs in our leagues always results in immediate expulsion.
 
Cheating
Cheating has been a notorious problem for every league and tournament hosted in Counter Strike. We will be using the best anti cheats that we can find and every game in our premier leagues will be monitored by a CompeteLeague moderator. When games are reported for cheating in premier and open leagues they will be reviewed and judged by multiple moderators. In the event of a player cheating the player will be permanently banned from CompeteLeague competitions, and teammates will be banned for two seasons. There are a few exceptions to the two season rule, such as if the teammates of the cheater report him to CompeteLeague staff and we have enough evidence to make a ruling, they will NOT be punished, however all wins from the time the convicted cheater played on the team will be defaulted to losses regardless.
 
Transparency
Unfortunately, there are always conflicts with competitions of any sort, and there will almost certainly be cause to restrict services or ban players from our site. Every single punishment will be documented publically with reasoning and evidence. We will never ban a player without reason, and without giving information on the punishment.
 
Prizes
Each tournament will be prized, and will include prizes such as Steam cash, rare skins, cases and keys. For CS:GO we don’t have the specifics about our prizes yet, but we will NOT have cash prizes, all of our prizes will be based around Steam or the game itself.
 
Casting/Stream details
Each premier league will have 4 games casted each week, and teams will have an equal amount of casted games throughout the season. We will have a professional broadcast for each Premier League each week, and during the stream we’ll be doing a case opening giveaway. Throughout the stream, you’ll be able to enter the raffle (opening at random times during the games) and we will open a case, and whatever is opened is given to the winner of the raffle. Whether it is a Karambit Fade or a Glock Bunsen Burner. In addition we have plans to give away moderately priced skins to the MVPs of each week.
 
Joining/working with CompeteLeague
As mentioned previously, we’re looking to bring in new volunteers to help us prepare and run the first season. You might ask if these positions aren’t paid then what do we offer? We look to give people experience in roles/jobs that they’d like to do, whether that be heading into eSports (a notable past example of ours being Dominic ‘Sata’ Roemer who now casts for Riot in the Chinese LPL) or more traditional work (an example being a graphic designer of ours Andrew Phiz, who now interns with a graphic/web design company). We’re happy to recommend and help build up portfolios for dedicated members. You can apply HERE. The different positions we have for volunteers are:
A position as administrative staff behind the scenes of leagues, organizing casting schedules, managing team disputes, handling staff and ensuring broadcasts go smoothly, and more.
A position as the streaming host for one of our leagues. Entails working closely with admins and casters, streaming for 4 to 5 hours one night a week, spectating and catching the key moments of our games. Solid internet connection required, second monitosecond device to communicate with while broadcasting highly preferred.
A position as a caster for one of our leagues. Entails casting at least 2 games a week, working closely with admins, streamers, and fellow casters. Game knowledge and fluidity of speech highly preferred. It’s a fairly sought after position, so it’s likely that we’ll hold tryouts for casters depending on how many applications we receive.
A position as a general busybody. Can entail covering for several other roles, and generally involved working closely with an Admin to share responsibility and keep contact between staff open at most times. Also a good position to apply for when unsure about what you’d prefer to do with CompeteLeague, as it gives the opportunity to perform and observe multiple positions.
A position doing graphical work. Entails any number of graphics works, be that infographics, site backgrounds, stream overlays, achievement icons, article images, or anything else. There’s always graphic work to be done. A good design program preferred, but past experience is helpful but not necessary, we have graphic work for many different levels of skill.
A position producing video content for our social medias and our site. This is a creative position, and can range from highlight montages, to informational videos, to promotional videos, to any other content. Video editing software required, past experience/somewhat of a video portfolio preferred.
A position helping expand and develop features for our website. We have a small dedicated team of developers working on our site, this position would entail becoming part of that group and helping share out the workload. Some experience/developing education preferred. Some knowledge of HTML, CSS, Javascript, or PHP required. Knowledge of AngularJS and/or NodeJS will stand you in very good stead.
A position as the first line of contact between our players and CompeteLeague staff. Entails learning and understanding our rules and organisation, helping teams with common issues, setting up and moderating games, working closely with Admins, Assistants, and the playerbase.
 
What Makes us Different?
Experience. We’ve been doing this for years now, and we’ve seen organizations with similar goals come and go. We always reach out to orgs, offer to help with advice, cross promotions, and share casters, but many are not prepared for a task of this proportion. We’ve had a long time to prepare our site and our staff for this upcoming season. Hopefully you can be a part of either helping the site, or playing in one of our leagues!
 
submitted by CompeteLeague to GlobalOffensive [link] [comments]

Tags cannot be viewed/created in certain subs -- is this intentionally blocked?

Some subs seem to be either intentionally or inadvertently blocking the ability to create or view RES tags. Is this a known issue, and if so is there a workaround/fix?
For example, I just happened to be in /KinFoundation/ just now and the issue happens there.
But I've noticed it in an increasing number of subs lately. It happens in /IOTA as well, but not /Bitcoin for example.
Example of tags blocked from /IOTA: https://i.imgur.com/pZ52sCw.png
Example of same behavior on /KinFoundation: https://i.imgur.com/3CcRNcT.png
Note the black dot where the tag icon would normally be. Every one that is blocked has the same black dot so I assume they are sharing some custom CSS. Whether it blocks it intentionally or not I'm not sure, but it's really annoying.
Example of tags not blocked from /Bitcoin: https://i.imgur.com/jI4n8zZ.png
I'm on 5.8.6 on Chrome, Win10.
submitted by doc_samson to Enhancement [link] [comments]

Idea for bitcoin app I want to swing past you guys before I continue

Think World of Warcraft minimap and vendors, where anyone can add products/services they offer together with the gps location. So you can search for the cheapest cup of coffee within walking distance. Or just as easily find a job or find someone to help you out.
I believe something like coinmap, but with much higher realtime throughput of data. So you'll have lifts for bitcoin, people asking help for odd jobs, parties and specials announcements. Think of being able to look at your phone, and feel connected to a vibrant busy economy because you can see it happening.
Edits: Good feedback so far thanks guys. Icon could be a bitcoin+compass sort of thing. This could also simplify fiat exchange in the wild.
Edit: So coinmap data is in, also you can add markers to the map to where you currently are. Theres a cool icon for fiat<>btc exchanges :)
LIVE PROTOTYPE http://bitlab.io/btcmap
DEVELOPMENT
HTML DEV https://github.com/fluentart/bitlab/blob/masteviews/btcmap.html
CSS https://github.com/fluentart/bitlab/blob/mastepublic/css/btcmap.css
SERVERSIDE https://github.com/fluentart/bitlab/blob/masteserver.js#L586
submitted by rende to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

December 16th, 2014 - /r/MillionaireMakers: Pie in the sky makes the world go round.

/MillionaireMakers

8,025 potential millionaires following this elaborate scheme for 27 days!
A deep pulsating throb in your temples is announced by a harsh, unrelenting call from a personal dawn chorus beside your bed. Bleary eyed and bleakly hoped, you roll your head to one side, taking a moment to comprehend the harsh LCD display's meaning. 6 am. Dismal.
Slowly, your sleep-fatigued muscles find a way to lever your way out of bed, lumbering and stumbling in an intoxicated and unflattering fashion towards your new, old, day. A whiff of processed carbon and a wave of stress-like acid greet your mouth as you gulp down a dark, warm liquid that may have once contained coffee-like organic molecules. Your eyes still barely lift from there heavy, darkened gaze.
As you lift a small tablet of plastic and electricity from your pocket, a short, sharp ping and a red icon on your screen inform you that someone, somewhere, on some site has cared about you. Your sluggish, unreliable internet wavers, and in the few seconds prior, you wrack your brains for anything you have done to warrant a message. Is it a comment you have posted? No, you haven't posted one for days. Is it a post? Again, you have been relatively inactive. In fact, the only thing you have done is donate a single, lone dollar towards a crazy, impossible scheme... no, that would never happen, not to you.
The screen on your phone burns bright, and your eyes follow suit a few seconds later. Coffee doesn't matter anymore. You could buy a whole plantation after today. Still in disbelief, you run to your computer. The slow whirring starts up, and blasts loudly, as if declaring a victory. Your bitcoin wallet opens. 2,720 BTC. You go back to bed; you won't be needing work today. Or tomorrow. Or ever.
For the last few days, a small, hopeful, has enchanted a select few on reddit, which means that anyone can be a millionaire! But why should I explain it to you? Let today's subreddit of the day's mods explain it to you!

Tell us a little about yourself.

angrypotato1: I am the founder of the subreddit. I saw the idea in /showerthoughts, and thought that this would never happen without subreddit. So I made one.
minlite: I joined the mod team right at the beginning when the sub was getting on its feet. Our mission is to come up with a sound drawing platform that is fair and publicly verifiable. We just run our first drawing which we think was kind of successful and we are currently reviewing all our options to make the next one a much bigger and fairer.
the_dinks: I'm the_dinks . I like long walks on the beach and drinking rosé in the bath. I also do CSS things to get on modlists. If any of these attributes interest you, hit me up, ladies ;^)

For those who are uninitiated, what is the "millionaire maker" theory, and what does it represent to you?

angrypotato1: If 1 million people gave $1 to someone, that person would be a millionaire. It's pretty basic math ;)
minlite: Millionaire theory is giving to a random stranger and making their day. We believe that everyone deserves a lift up.
the_dinks: It's a lottery except you don't have to pay to win. It's an experiment in how far reddit is willing to go to make something happen and the power of crowdsourcing. Before you criticize the concept, it's a lot less stupid than the fucking potato salad debacle, that's for sure.

Describe the sort of content on your sub.

angrypotato1: Our subreddit content is basically trying to iron out a fair, safe and, simple system of choosing the to-be-millionaire and sending the dollars over.
minlite: Generally the content consists of Drawing and Winner announcement threads. However as you can see we welcome ideas and actively comment on them.
the_dinks: Some smart people, some dumb people, some eager people, some cynics. Overall, I like the atmosphere of taking things slowly and exploring what this means. It's like the beginning of a good relationship.

Can you ever see "millionaire maker" becoming a feature on reddit?

angrypotato1: I wouldn't rule it out as a possibility.
minlite: It might. We can speculate much on what we will be the future of this sub, but we hope that it will grow so much that the admins would consider it.
the_dinks: It definitely will. In fact, /subredditoftheday's time is past. Make way for our mighty subreddit.

How does it feel to be subreddit of the day?

angrypotato1: It feels like a million dollars!
minlite: Good! It almost feels like payday!
the_dinks: It doesn't fill the void inside quite as much as being the /GreypooOfTheDay, but it's bretty nifty :^)
submitted by _gommh_ to subredditoftheday [link] [comments]

Info: About this bot

Hello,
I hope you found this subreddit, because you were interested in this bot and not because of a problem. If you have any issues - skip this guide and just open a new self post. I'm glad to help!

Why?

Reddit is full of people from different timezones. Most users are not familiar with figuring out the difference to their own timezone - especially if it's not within the same continent.
TimezoneSimplifier tries to solve this problem.
I started looking into the issue with different timezones when I started working on my student project Simplify-Time.info. It allows user to create events and have everyone display the time in the appropriate timezone.
Since people still needed to go to the site and enter the data manually, I wanted to automate this process. This is where the idea for TimezoneSimplifier came from.

How?

Simplify-Time offers an API accessible with a simple http-request.
I wrote a small python script (which now runs on my raspberry pi). It uses the reddit API to grab new comments, searches them for something like "HOUR:MINUTE TIMEZONE", makes a call to the ST-API and posts a reply.

Can you add my subreddit?

Sure! Just open a self post here or send me a message and I will be glad to include your subreddit in the next update!

Examples

Comments including hour and minute (separated with a colon) and a timezone abbreviation (GMT, UTC, MEZ, CET, MET, EET, IST, WET, PST, CDT, EST, and so on) should be found by this bot. (Assuming it is online)
Examples:

Hover-to-view feature

As many users requested this feature, TimezoneSimplifier 's posts are now auto-hidden and reveal on hover if the subreddit uses a specific CSS.
If you'd like to add this to your subreddit, follow these steps:
  1. Take this CSS code and paste it into your subreddits CSS. ("subreddit settings" "look and feel" "edit the stylesheet")
  2. -- Upload the small icon on the same page and name it "st-logo-v3"
  3. OR
  4. -- Remove the 3 lines below "Remove the following 4 lines if you do not want the image next to the link"
  5. Click on "save"
If you have questions, feel free to ask them. Many thanks to Dropping_fruits who developed the original version for the wikibot.

Other features:

Possible issues

I try my very best to keep the bot as correct as possible. If you think there is a problem, I'd appreciate any feedback!
Known issues:

Is the bot online?

Please check this page to see the last time the bot connected to the servers. If it is longer than ~5 minutes ago, the bot is probably offline.

Please ignore me

If you'd like a single comment / selfpost to be ignored, please make sure it includes 'no tzs' or 'no bot answer' somewhere in the comment body / selfpost text.
If you'd like all your posts to be ignored please send me a message or open a selfpost in this subreddit.

I think I'm being ignored

The bot won't reply to comments by a bot (e.g. TweetPoster ) or by someone having '_bot' in his name. If you have any problems with this, send me a message!

Can I have a look at the source code?

Sure! TimezoneSimplifier is written purely in python with the help of PRAW: The Python Reddit Api Wrapper
If you want to take a look at the source code, head over to the GitHub repo.

Donations

After some requests, if you'd like to help this bot feel free to donate with bitcoins or help with the code on the GitHub page! Any help is greatly appreciated!

Wishlist

Features which are planned but, due to time problems, haven't been implemented yet.

Further questions

Feel free to post them as a reply to this self post. I'm glad to answer them!
submitted by Nijin22 to TimezoneSimplifier [link] [comments]

[Meta] Suggestion to mods: Text in orange (using r/btc's new CSS style settings) can be hard for a lot of people to read

I use a lot of links in some of my posts, so I'm really starting to notice this problem.
For example, here is a post where I used a lot of links.
The links are all in orange text - which can make them hard to read for a lot of people.
Successful graphic designers know that on a white background you should use dark font colors, for maximum readability.
Personally, I like the original default Reddit CSS style settings - they're clean and simple and easy to read. No need to be different just for the sake of being different.
Maybe you wanted to use orange because it ties in with many of the logos for Bitcoin. That's fine, but perhaps the orange could be used on other page elements (buttons, icons, graphics, etc) - not on the text itself.
Sorry to bring this up - thanks for any feedback!
submitted by ydtm to btc [link] [comments]

Reddit (stylized as reddit, /ˈrɛdɪt/)[5] is a social news aggregation, web content rating, and discussion website. Reddit's registered community members can submit content, such as text posts or direct links.

Registered users can then vote submissions up or down to organize the posts and determine their position on the site's pages. The submissions with the most positive votes appear on the front page or the top of a category. Content entries are organized by areas of interest called "subreddits". The subreddit topics include news, science, gaming, movies, music, books, fitness, food, and image-sharing, among many others. The site's terms of use prohibit behaviors such as harassment, and moderating and limiting harassment has taken substantial resources.[6]
As of 2016, Reddit had 542 million monthly visitors (234 million unique users), ranking #11 most visited web-site in US and #25 in the world.[7] Across 2015, Reddit saw 82.54 billion pageviews, 73.15 million submissions, 725.85 million comments, and 6.89 billion upvotes from its users.[8]
Reddit was founded by University of Virginia roommates Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian in 2005. Condé Nast Publications acquired the site in October 2006. Reddit became a direct subsidiary of Condé Nast's parent company, Advance Publications, in September 2011. As of August 2012, Reddit operates as an independent entity, although Advance is still its largest shareholder.[9] Reddit is based in San Francisco, California. In October 2014, Reddit raised $50 million in a funding round led by Sam Altman and including investors Marc Andreessen, Peter Thiel, Ron Conway, Snoop Dogg, and Jared Leto.[10] Their investment saw the company valued at $500 million.[11][12]
Contents
1 Description 1.1 Site 1.2 Users 1.3 Subreddits 1.3.1 IAmA and AMA 1.3.2 /science 1.3.3 April Fools subreddits 1.3.3.1 The Button 1.3.3.2 Robin 2 History 3 Technology 4 Demographics 5 Community and culture 5.1 Philanthropic efforts 5.2 Commercial activity 5.3 Reddit effect 5.4 "Restoring Truthiness" campaign 5.5 Controversies 5.5.1 2010 5.5.2 2011 5.5.3 2013 5.5.4 2014 5.5.5 2015 5.5.6 2016 6 Other 7 See also 8 References 9 External links 
Description Site
The site is a collection of entries submitted by its registered users, essentially a bulletin board system. The name "Reddit" is a play-on-words with the phrase "read it", i.e., "I read it on Reddit."[13] The site's content is divided into numerous categories, and 49 such categories, or "default subreddits", are visible on the front page to new users and those who browse the site without logging in to an account. As of May 2016, these include:[14] Category Subreddits Educational News, Science, Space, DataIsBeautiful, TodayILearned, WorldNews Entertainment Creepy, Documentaries, Gaming, ListenToThis, Movies, Music, NoSleep, Sports, Television, Videos Discussion-based AskReddit, AskScience, Books, ExplainLikeImFive, History, IAmA, TwoXChromosomes Humolight-hearted Funny, InternetIsBeautiful, Jokes, NotTheOnion, ShowerThoughts, TIFU, UpliftingNews Image sharing Art, Aww, EarthPorn, Gifs, MildlyInteresting, OldSchoolCool, PhotoshopBattles, Pics Self-improvement DIY, Food, GetMotivated, LifeProTips, PersonalFinance, Philosophy, WritingPrompts Technology Futurology, Gadgets Meta Announcements, Blog
Note: There are over 11,400 active subreddits[15][16][17] with a default set of 50 subreddits as of February 2016. 
When items (links or text posts) are submitted to a subreddit, the users, called "redditors",[18] can vote for or against them (upvote/downvote). Each subreddit has a front page that shows newer submissions that have been rated highly. Redditors can also post comments about the submission, and respond back and forth in a conversation-tree of comments; the comments themselves can also be upvoted and downvoted. The front page of the site itself shows a combination of the highest-rated posts out of all the subreddits a user is subscribed to.
Front-page rank – for both the general front page and for individual subreddits – is determined by the age of the submission, positive ("upvoted") to negative ("downvoted") feedback ratio and the total vote-count.[19] Dozens of submissions cycle through these front pages daily.
The site's logo and mascot is a line drawing of an alien nicknamed "Snoo". Subreddits often use themed variants of Snoo relevant to the subject.[20]
Although most of the site functions like a bulletin board or message board, each subreddit has the option of having an associated wiki that can provide supplementary material like instructions, recommended reading, or collaboration for real-life events. Users
Registering an account with Reddit is free and does not require an email address to complete. As of June 2015, there were 36 million user accounts.[21] When logged in, Reddit users (known as redditors) have the ability to vote on submissions and comments to increase or decrease their visibility and submit links and comments. Users can also create their own subreddit on a topic of their choosing, and interested users can add it to their frontpage by subscribing to it. For example, as of May 2015, the Wikipedia subreddit – subtitled "the most interesting pages on Wikipedia" – has over 151,000 subscribers.[22] Reddit comments and submissions are occasionally abbreviated and peppered with terms that are understood within (and in many cases also outside) the Reddit community, ranging from OP (for "original poster" – the user who posted the submission being commented upon) to NSFW (for "not safe for work" – indicating the post has graphic or sexually explicit content).[23] Users earn "post karma" and "comment karma" for submitting text posts, link posts, and comments, which accumulate as point values on their user profile. "Post karma" refers to karma points received from text and link posts, while "comment karma" refers to karma points received from comments. Users may also be gifted "Reddit gold" if another user has well received the comment or post, generally due to humorous or high quality content; this process is known as "gilding." Reddit has also created a system of points called "creddits". Reddit gold "creddits" are like gift certificates: each creddit you have allows you to give one month of Reddit gold to someone else. The points do not lead to a prize as they are meant to stand in as a badge of honor for the user among their peers, although redditors have attempted to redeem their points before.[24]
Reddit also allows submissions that do not link externally. These are called "self posts" or "text submissions". Many discussion-based subreddits allow only text-only submissions such as "AskReddit" – where users are only allowed to pose broad, discussion based questions to the community at large. Self posts previously did not accumulate karma points for the submitter, but as of July, 2016, these text only posts generate karma.[25] Mister Splashy Pants logo used on November 27, 2007
Reddit communities occasionally coordinate Reddit-external projects such as skewing polls on other websites, such as in 2007 when Greenpeace allowed web users to decide the name of a humpback whale it was tracking. Reddit users voted en masse to name the whale "Mr. Splashy Pants", and Reddit administrators further encouraged this by changing the site logo to a whale during the voting. In December of that year, Mister Splashy Pants was announced as the winner of the competition.[26]
Within the site, redditors commemorate their "cake day" once a year, which is the anniversary of the day the user's account was first created. The "cake day" offers no special benefit, except that a small icon representing a slice of cake appears next to that user's name for 24 hours.[27] Redditors can "friend" one another, which gives a redditor quick access to posting and comments of their friend list. The commenting system and friend system, along with a certain "Reddit ethos" (called reddiquette on Reddit), lend Reddit aspects of a social networking service, though not to the extent of Facebook, Google+, and other websites aimed at providing social networking services. The Reddit community also socializes at meetups held at local parks and bars around the world,[28] and many localized subreddits for local in-person meetings exist. Subreddits
Reddit entries are organized into areas of interest called "subreddits". Originally, the front page was the "main-reddit", and other areas were "subreddits". There is now no longer a single main-reddit. Instead, there are now 50 "default subreddits" dealing with topics such as books, television, and music, and thousands of additional non-default subreddits. The default subreddits are the 50 subreddits which are first recommended to new users to select from to appear on, or via their customizable top menu bars. All new users are initially automatically "subscribed to" the 50 default subreddits, but can then customize their "subscriptions."
Any registered user who has maintained an account for 31 days or more may create a non-default subreddit.[29] There are over 11,400 active total subreddits to peruse,[15][16][17] including the default set of 50 subreddits as of February 2016. The site has a default "Front Page" which contains staff selected popular articles, and also an "All Page" which contains only the very top ranked article/ subreddits as ranked by readers themselves, and which page is accessible via an "All" link at the top of the "Front Page."
In an interview with Memeburn, Reddit GM, Martin noted that the platform's "approach is to give the community moderators or curators as much control as possible so that they can shape and cultivate the type of communities they want".[30] IAmA and AMA
One of the most popular subreddits is IAmA ("I Am A") where a user may post "AMAs" (for "Ask Me Anything"), or similarly "AMAAs" (for "Ask Me Almost/Absolutely Anything") – prompts for others to ask questions about any topic. AMAs are open to all Reddit users, and use the site's comment system for both questions and answers; it is similar to a press conference but online. This subreddit was founded in May 2009.[31] From 2013 to 2015, Victoria Taylor assisted reddit's volunteer community in presenting interviews.[32][33][34]
A number of notable individuals have participated in the IAmA subreddit, including United States President Barack Obama[35][36] (while campaigning for the 2012 election), Dave Grohl,[37] Madonna,[38] Chris Hadfield[39] (who answered questions from the International Space Station), Bill Gates,[40] Ron Paul,[41] Stephen Colbert,[42] Psy, Enya, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Rachel Maddow, Renée Fleming, M. Shadows, Louis C.K., Roger Federer, Larry King, Philip Zimbardo, Bill Nye,[43] Stan Lee, John Mather, David Copperfield, Paul Krugman, Danny Boyle, rapper J. Cole,[44] Al Gore, Roger Ebert, Michael Bolton, Gary Johnson, Lawrence Krauss, Jill Stein, Kevin Rudd, Julie Benz,[45] Amanda Palmer,[46] Tim Ferriss,[47] Gordon Ramsay,[48] Peter Dinklage,[49] Chandra Wickramasinghe,[50] Neil deGrasse Tyson,[51] and Bernie Sanders.[52] Donald Trump (during his 2016 Presidential Campaign) had an AMA on /The Donald subreddit.[53] As of April 2015, Barack Obama's AMA is the highest rated on the site;[54] the increased traffic brought down many parts of the website when the AMA occurred on August 29, 2012.[55]
Celebrities participating in IAmAs have seen both positive and negative responses. Woody Harrelson's[56] AMA was criticized after Harrelson declined to answer questions that were unrelated to the movie Rampart he was promoting.[57] In contrast, rapper Snoop Dogg attracted 1.6 million page views[58] after conducting an AMA that provided several candid responses to the community's questions.[59]
Other than Harrelson's, Bollywood actress Priyanka Chopra's[60] AMA was criticized for evasiveness when she focused on promoting her upcoming album to the detriment of other questions. A particularly well received AMA of 2014 was that of Peter Dinklage,[61] best known for his role as Tyrion Lannister in the HBO drama series Game of Thrones. Redditors attribute the thread's success to the thoroughness of his responses and the fact that he stayed online much longer than he was expected to so he could spend more time with his fans. The actor departed by commenting:
This feels like being interviewed by a hundred thousand news anchors at once! But much friendlier anchors...who seem to know their material...I really appreciate everyone's enthusiasm and questions. I tried to move another engagement to make more time but it's really hard during shoots. I am going to try to answer a few more short ones now. And remember: If you see me on the street and want a photo, ask! It's just weird when your kid asks for directions.[62] 
On July 2, 2015, hundreds of subreddits, including several with over a million subscribers, were set to private by their respective moderators after Reddit's director of talent, Victoria Taylor, was dismissed.[63][64][65][66] Sources close to Reddit cited an increased focus on commercializing AMAs as the most likely reason.[67][68] /science File:American Chemical Society - What Chemists Do - Nathan Allen.webmPlay media Nathan Allen speaks about /science to the American Chemical Society Main article: /science
/science is an Internet forum on Reddit where the community of participants discuss science topics.[69] A popular feature of the forum is "Ask me Anything" (AMA) public discussions.[69] As of 2014, /science attracted 30,000-100,000 visitors per day, making it the largest community-managed science forum and an attractive place to host discussions.[69] April Fools subreddits The Button Main article: The Button (Reddit)
On April Fools' Day 2015, a social experiment was launched in the form of a subreddit called "thebutton". It featured a button and a 60-second countdown timer. User accounts created before that day were eligible to participate. A user could only ever click the button once, or opt not to click it. If a user clicked the button the timer was globally reset to 60 seconds,[70] and the user's "flair" (an icon next to the user's name) changed color. Colors were assigned based on a gradient from purple to red with purple signifying up to 60 seconds and red as low as 0 seconds. The countdown prematurely reached zero several times due to technical problems but eventually expired without further problems on June 5, 2015, after which the subreddit was archived.[71] Robin
On April Fools' Day 2016, a social experiment was launched in the form of a chat widget named Robin. After clicking the "Robin" button, an IRC-like chat window was initially opened with one other redditor and giving a certain time to pick between three options, "Grow," "Stay" and "Abandon".[72] "Grow" would join the chat with another group, "Stay" would close the group chat and create a subreddit with that group as moderators and "Abandon" would close the group chat and everyone goes back to a group of two. History Further information: Timeline of Reddit Co-founder Alexis Ohanian speaking in 2009
In June 2005,[73] Reddit was founded in Medford, Massachusetts by Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian, both 22-year-old graduates of the University of Virginia.[74] The team expanded to include Christopher Slowe in November 2005. Between November 2005 and January 2006 Reddit merged with Aaron Swartz's company Infogami, and Swartz became an equal owner of the resulting parent company, Not A Bug.[75][76] Condé Nast Publications, owner of Wired, acquired Reddit on October 31, 2006, and the team moved to San Francisco.[77] In January 2007, Swartz was fired.[78]
By the end of 2008, the team had grown to include Erik Martin, Jeremy Edberg,[79] David King,[80] and Mike Schiraldi.[81] In 2009, Huffman and Ohanian moved on to form Hipmunk, recruiting Slowe[82] and King[83] shortly thereafter. In May 2010, Reddit was named in Lead411's "2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies" list.[84] In July 2010, after explosive traffic growth, Reddit introduced Reddit Gold, offering new features for a price of $3.99/month or $29.99/year.[85] Reddit Gold adds a number of features to the interface, including the ability to display more comments on a page, access to the private "lounge" subreddit, and notifications whenever one's username is mentioned in a comment. It's also possible to endow comments or submissions of other users and thereby give a gold membership to them as an anonymous present.[86]
On September 6, 2011, Reddit became operationally independent of Condé Nast, now operating as a separate subsidiary of its parent company, Advance Publications.[87] On January 11, 2012, Reddit announced that it would be participating in a 12-hour sitewide blackout in protest of the Stop Online Piracy Act.[88] The blackout occurred on January 18 and coincided with the blackouts of Wikipedia and several other websites. In May 2012, Reddit joined the Internet Defense League, a group formed to organize future protests.[89] On February 14, 2013, Reddit began accepting the digital currency bitcoin for its Reddit Gold subscription service through a partnership with bitcoin payment processor Coinbase.[90]
In October 2014, Reddit announced Redditmade, a service which allowed moderators to create merchandise for their subreddits. Redditmade closed in February 2015.[91] In November 2014, Chief Executive Yishan Wong resigned and co-founder Ohanian returned as the full-time executive chairman. Ellen Pao, Reddit's business and partnerships strategist became the interim chief executive.[92] On July 10, 2015, Pao resigned and was replaced by Steve Huffman as CEO.[93][94]
In October 2015, Reddit announced a news portal called Upvoted, designed to broaden the reach of Reddit as a standalone site featuring editorial content from Reddit users.[95] In April 2016, Reddit launched a new blocking tool in an attempt to curb online harassment. The tool allows a user to hide posts and comments from selected redditors in addition to blocking private messages from those redditors.[96] The option to block a redditor is done by clicking a button in the inbox. Technology
Reddit was originally written in Common Lisp but was rewritten in Python in December 2005.[4] The reasons given for the switch were wider access to code libraries and greater development flexibility. The Python web framework that former Reddit employee Swartz developed to run the site, web.py, is now available as an open-source project.[97] On June 18, 2008, Reddit became an open source project.[98] With the exception of the anti-spam/cheating portions, all of the code and libraries written for Reddit became freely available on GitHub.[99] As of November 10, 2009, Reddit uses Pylons as its web framework.[100]
As of November 10, 2009, Reddit has decommissioned their physical servers and migrated to Amazon Web Services.[101] Reddit uses PostgreSQL as their primary datastore and is slowly moving to Apache Cassandra, a column-oriented datastore. It uses RabbitMQ for offline processing, HAProxy for load balancing and memcached for caching. In early 2009, Reddit started using jQuery.[102] On June 7, 2010, Reddit staff launched a revamped mobile interface featuring rewritten CSS, a new color scheme, and a multitude of improvements.[103]
On July 21, 2010, Reddit outsourced the Reddit search engine to Flaptor, who used its search product IndexTank.[104] As of July 12, 2012, Reddit uses Amazon CloudSearch.[105] There are several unofficial applications that use the Reddit API in the Google Play store, and F-Droid repository. Examples include: Reddit is Fun,[106] Andreddit,[107] F5, BaconReader,[108] Reddit Sync[109] and an Android tablet specific application called Reddita.[110] There are also several Windows apps used to access Reddit, including unofficial Reddit apps such as ReddHub[111] and Reddit To Go!.[112] An unofficial desktop application Reditr[113] exists that is compatible with Windows, OS X, Linux and ChromeOS.
There are several Reddit applications for iOS. These include Karma, Upvote, iReddit, iPad-specific applications such as Reddzine and Biscuit, and, until April 2016, Alien Blue.[114] In September 2014, an official mobile application for browsing AMA (Ask Me Anything) threads was released for the iOS and Android platforms under the name Ask me Anything.[115] In October 2014, Alien Blue was acquired by Reddit and became the official iOS Reddit app.[116] In April 2016, Reddit released an official application called Reddit: The Official App, which is available on Google Play and the iOS App Store, and Alien Blue was removed from the App Store in favor of the new app.[117] Demographics
According to Reddit's Audience and Demographics page, as of December 2015, 53% of redditors are male and 54% are from the United States.[118] In 2013 Pewinternet.org stated that 6% of all American adult Internet users have used Reddit; that males were twice as likely to be redditors as females were; and that Reddit's largest age bracket was between the ages of 18 and 29.[119] Community and culture
The website is known for its open nature and diverse user community that generate its content.[120] Its demographics allows for wide-ranging subject areas, or main subreddits, that receive much attention, as well as the ability for smaller subreddits to serve more niche purposes. For example, the University of Reddit, a subreddit that exists to communally teach, emerged from the ability to enter and leave the online forum, the "classroom", at will, and classes ranging from computer science to music, to fine art theory exist.[121] The unique possibilities that subreddits provide create new opportunities for raising attention and fostering discussion across many areas. In gaining popularity in terms of unique users per day, Reddit has been a platform for many to raise publicity for a number of causes. And with that increased ability to garner attention and a large audience, users can use one of the largest communities on the Internet for new, revolutionary, and influential purposes.[122]
Its popularity has enabled users to take unprecedented advantage of such a large community. Its innovative socially ranked rating and sorting system drives a method that is useful for fulfilling certain goals of viewership or simply finding answers to interesting questions. User sentiments about the website's function and structure include feelings about the breadth and depth of the discussions on Reddit and how the site makes it easy to discover new and interesting items. Almost all of the user reviews on Alexa.com, which rates Reddit's monthly unique traffic rating 125th in the United States, mention Reddit's "good content" as a likable quality. However, others raise the negative aspects of the potential for Reddit's communities to possess a "hive mind" of sorts,[123] embodying some negative aspects of group interaction theories like crowd psychology and collective consciousness. Philanthropic efforts
Reddit has been known as the instigator of several charity projects, some short and others long-term, in order to benefit others. A selection of major events are outlined below:
In early October 2010, a story was posted on Reddit about a seven-year-old girl, Kathleen Edward, who was in the advanced stages of Huntington's disease. The girl's neighbors were taunting her and her family. Redditors banded together and gave the girl a shopping spree[124][125] at Tree Town Toys, a toy store local to the story owned by a Reddit user. In early December 2010, members of the Christianity subreddit decided to hold a fundraiser[126] and later members of the atheism subreddit decided to give some friendly competition,[127] cross-promoting[128] fundraising drives for Doctors Without Borders and World Vision's Clean Water Fund, respectively. Later, the Islam subreddit joined in, raising money for Islamic Relief. In less than a week, the three communities (as well as the Reddit community at large) raised over $50,000.[129] Most of this was raised by the atheism subreddit, though the smaller Christianity subreddit had a higher average donation amount per subscriber.[130] A similar donation drive in 2011 saw the atheism subreddit raise over $200,000 for charity.[131] Reddit started the largest Secret Santa program in the world, which is still in operation to date. For the 2010 Holiday season, 92 countries were involved in the Secret Santa program. There were 17,543 participants, and $662,907.60 was collectively spent on gift purchases and shipping costs.[132][133][134] In 2014, about 200,000 users from 188 countries participated.[135] Several Celebrities have participated in the program, including Bill Gates[136] and Snoop Dogg.[137] Eventually, the Secret Santa program expanded to various other occasions through Redditgifts. Members from Reddit donated over $600,000 to DonorsChoose in support of Stephen Colbert's March to Keep Fear Alive. The donation spree broke previous records for the most money donated to a single cause by the Reddit community and resulted in an interview with Colbert on Reddit.[138] Reddit users donated $185,356 to Direct Relief for Haiti after an earthquake devastated the nation in January 2010.[139] Reddit users donated over $70,000 to the Faraja Orphanage in the first 24 hours to help secure the orphanage after intruders robbed and attacked one of the volunteers, who survived a strike to the head from a machete.[140] In October 2012, "Shitty Watercolour", a popular Redditor known for posting watercolor paintings on the website,[141][142][143] streamed live a 12-hour painting session on YouTube to raise money for charity: water, a non-profit organization which aims to provide potable drinking water in developing countries. Redditors donated a minimum of $10 to have a photo of their choice painted in a 5 by 5 centimetres (2.0 by 2.0 in) square section of large sheets of paper.[144][145] The paint-a-thon raised $2,700.[146] In February 2014, Reddit announced it would be donating 10% of its annual ad revenue to non-profits voted upon by its users.[147] Reddit continued this policy for 2015, donating $82,765 each to Electronic Frontier Foundation, Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Doctors Without Borders, Erowid Center, Wikimedia Foundation, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, NPR, Free Software Foundation, Freedom From Religion Foundation, and Tor Project.[148] In response to the 2015 Nepal Earthquake, redditors raised more than $145,000 for Direct Relief and more than $110,000 for MAP International.[149] 
Commercial activity
In February 2013, Betabeat published a post that recognized the influx of multi-national corporations like Costco, Taco Bell, Subaru, and McDonald's posting branded content on Reddit that was made to appear as if it was original content from legitimate Reddit users.[150] Reddit's former Director of Communications noted that while a large number of Chief Marketing Officers want to "infiltrate the reddit community on behalf of their brand," she emphasized that "self-promotion is frowned upon" and the site is "100 percent organic."[151][152][153][154] She recommended that advertisers design promotions that "spark conversations and feedback."[155] She recommended that businesses use AMAs to get attention for public figures but cautioned "It is important to approach AMAs carefully and be aware that this may not be a fit for every project or client."[156] Nissan ran a successful Branded content promotion offering users free gifts to publicize a new car,[157][158] though the company was later ridiculed for suspected astroturfing when the CEO only answered puff piece questions on the site.[159][160] Taylor described these situations as "high risk" noting "We try hard to educate people that they have to treat questions that may seem irreverent or out of left field the same as they would questions about the specific project they are promoting."[161]
Reddit's users are more privacy-conscious than on other websites, using tools like AdBlock and proxies,[162] and they hate "feeling manipulated by brands" but respond well to "content that begs for intelligent viewers and participants."[163] Lauren Orsini writes in ReadWrite that "Reddit's huge community is the perfect hype machine for promoting a new movie, a product release, or a lagging political campaign" but "very specific set of etiquette. Redditors don't want to advertise for you, they want to talk to you."[164] Journalists have used the site as a basis for stories, though they are advised by the site's policies to respect that "reddit's communities belong to their members" and to seek proper attribution for people's contributions.[165]
Reddit announced that they would begin using VigLink to redirect affiliate links in June 2016.[166] Reddit effect Main article: Slashdot effect
Also known as the "Slashdot effect", the Reddit effect occurs when a smaller website has a high influx of traffic after being linked to on Reddit.[167] It is also called the "Reddit Hug of Death" among the website's users. Because Reddit is such a large site, the traffic is immense and can easily crash smaller sites. In order for users to see crashed websites, several Reddit bots have been created that take a snapshot of the website before large amounts of traffic flood the affected website. "Restoring Truthiness" campaign
As a response to Glenn Beck's August 28, 2010, Restoring Honor rally (heavily promoted by him in his Fox News broadcasts during the summer), in September 2010 Reddit users started a movement to persuade Stephen Colbert to have a counter-rally in Washington, D.C.[168] The movement, which came to be called "Restoring Truthiness", was started by user mrsammercer, in a post where he described waking up from a dream in which Stephen Colbert was holding a satirical rally in D.C.[169] He writes, "This would be the high water mark of American satire. Half a million people pretending to suspend all rational thought in unison. Perfect harmony. It'll feel like San Francisco in the late 60s, only we won't be able to get any acid."
The idea resonated with the Reddit community, which launched a campaign to bring the event to life. Over $600,000[170] was raised for charity to gain the attention of Colbert. The campaign was mentioned on-air several times, and when the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear was held in Washington, D.C. on October 30, 2010, thousands of redditors made the journey.[171]
During a post-rally press conference, Reddit co-founder Ohanian asked, "What role did the Internet campaign play in convincing you to hold this rally?" Jon Stewart responded by saying that, though it was a very nice gesture, the two had already thought of the idea prior and the deposit on using the National Mall was already paid during the summer, so it acted mostly as a "validation of what we were thinking about attempting".[172] In a message to the Reddit community, Colbert later added, "I have no doubt that your efforts to organize and the joy you clearly brought to your part of the story contributed greatly to the turnout and success."[173]
See also
General
Crowdsourcing Internet culture PTT Bulletin Board System Social bookmarking Unidan Web 2.0 iconInternet portal 
Similar websites
Delicious Digg Diigo Fark Imzy Kuro5hin MetaFilter StumbleUpon Voat 
submitted by NERDSLAYER_Y2K to Negareddit [link] [comments]

Second.

Reddit (stylized as reddit, /ˈrɛdɪt/)[5] is an American social news aggregation, web content rating, and discussion website. Reddit's registered community members can submit content, such as text posts or direct links. Registered users can then vote submissions up or down to organize the posts and determine their position on the site's pages. The submissions with the most positive votes appear on the front page or the top of a category. Content entries are organized by areas of interest called "subreddits". The subreddit topics include news, science, gaming, movies, music, books, fitness, food, and image-sharing, among many others. The site's terms of use prohibit behaviors such as harassment, and moderating and limiting harassment has taken substantial resources.[6]
As of 2017, Reddit had 542 million monthly visitors (234 million unique users), ranking #7 most visited web-site in US and #22 in the world.[7] Across 2015, Reddit saw 82.54 billion pageviews, 73.15 million submissions, 725.85 million comments, and 6.89 billion upvotes from its users.[8]
Reddit was founded by University of Virginia roommates Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian in 2005. Condé Nast Publications acquired the site in October 2006. Reddit became a direct subsidiary of Condé Nast's parent company, Advance Publications, in September 2011. As of August 2012, Reddit operates as an independent entity, although Advance is still its largest shareholder.[9] Reddit is based in San Francisco, California. In October 2014, Reddit raised $50 million in a funding round led by Sam Altman and including investors Marc Andreessen, Peter Thiel, Ron Conway, Snoop Dogg, and Jared Leto.[10] Their investment saw the company valued at $500 million.[11][12]
Contents
1 Description 1.1 Site 1.2 Users 1.3 Subreddits 1.3.1 IAmA and AMA 1.3.2 /science 1.3.3 April Fools subreddits 1.3.3.1 The Button 1.3.3.2 Robin 2 History 3 Technology 4 Demographics 5 Community and culture 5.1 Philanthropic efforts 5.2 Commercial activity 5.3 Reddit effect 5.4 "Restoring Truthiness" campaign 5.5 Controversies 5.5.1 2010 5.5.2 2011 5.5.3 2013 5.5.4 2014 5.5.5 2015 5.5.6 2016 5.5.7 2017 6 Other 7 See also 8 References 9 External links 
Description Site
The site is a collection of entries submitted by its registered users, essentially a bulletin board system. The name "Reddit" is a play-on-words with the phrase "read it", i.e., "I read it on Reddit."[13] The site's content is divided into numerous categories, and 49 such categories, or "default subreddits", are visible on the front page to new users and those who browse the site without logging in to an account. As of May 2016, these include:[14] Category Subreddits Educational News, Science, Space, DataIsBeautiful, TodayILearned, WorldNews Entertainment Creepy, Documentaries, Gaming, ListenToThis, Movies, Music, NoSleep, Sports, Television, Videos Discussion-based AskReddit, AskScience, Books, ExplainLikeImFive, History, IAmA, TwoXChromosomes Humolight-hearted Funny, InternetIsBeautiful, Jokes, NotTheOnion, ShowerThoughts, TIFU, UpliftingNews Image sharing Art, Aww, EarthPorn, Gifs, MildlyInteresting, OldSchoolCool, PhotoshopBattles, Pics Self-improvement DIY, Food, GetMotivated, LifeProTips, PersonalFinance, Philosophy, WritingPrompts Technology Futurology, Gadgets Meta Announcements, Blog
Note: There are over 11,400 active subreddits[15][16][17] with a default set of 50 subreddits as of February 2016. 
When items (links or text posts) are submitted to a subreddit, the users, called "redditors",[18] can vote for or against them (upvote/downvote). Each subreddit has a front page that shows newer submissions that have been rated highly. Redditors can also post comments about the submission, and respond back and forth in a conversation-tree of comments; the comments themselves can also be upvoted and downvoted. The front page of the site itself shows a combination of the highest-rated posts out of all the subreddits a user is subscribed to.
Front-page rank – for both the general front page and for individual subreddits – is determined by the age of the submission, positive ("upvoted") to negative ("downvoted") feedback ratio and the total vote-count.[19] Dozens of submissions cycle through these front pages daily.
The site's logo and its mascot is a line drawing of an alien nicknamed "Snoo". Subreddits often use themed variants of Snoo relevant to the subject.[20]
Although most of the site functions like a bulletin board or message board, each subreddit has the option of having an associated wiki that can provide supplementary material like instructions, recommended reading, or collaboration for real-life events. Users
Registering an account with Reddit is free and does not require an email address to complete. As of June 2015, there were 36 million user accounts.[21] When logged in, Reddit users (known as redditors) have the ability to vote on submissions and comments to increase or decrease their visibility and submit links and comments. Users can also create their own subreddit on a topic of their choosing, and interested users can add it to their frontpage by subscribing to it. For example, as of May 2015, the Wikipedia subreddit – subtitled "the most interesting pages on Wikipedia" – has over 151,000 subscribers.[22] Reddit comments and submissions are occasionally abbreviated and peppered with terms that are understood within (and in many cases also outside) the Reddit community, ranging from OP (for "original poster" – the user who posted the submission being commented upon) to NSFW (for "not safe for work" – indicating the post has graphic or sexually explicit content).[23] Users earn "post karma" and "comment karma" for submitting text posts, link posts, and comments, which accumulate as point values on their user profile. "Post karma" refers to karma points received from text and link posts, while "comment karma" refers to karma points received from comments. Users may also be gifted "Reddit gold" if another user has well received the comment or post, generally due to humorous or high-quality content; this process is known as "gilding." Reddit has also created a system of points called "creddits". Reddit gold "creddits" are like gift certificates: each creddit you have allows you to give one month of Reddit gold to someone else. The points do not lead to a prize as they are meant to stand in as a badge of honor for the user among their peers, although redditors have attempted to redeem their points before.[24]
Reddit also allows submissions that do not link externally. These are called "self posts" or "text submissions". Many discussion-based subreddits allow only text-only submissions such as "AskReddit" – where users are only allowed to pose broad, discussion based questions to the community at large. Self posts previously did not accumulate karma points for the submitter, but as of July, 2016, these text-only posts generate karma.[25] Mister Splashy Pants logo used on November 27, 2007
Reddit communities occasionally coordinate Reddit-external projects such as skewing polls on other websites, such as in 2007 when Greenpeace allowed web users to decide the name of a humpback whale it was tracking. Reddit users voted en masse to name the whale "Mr. Splashy Pants", and Reddit administrators further encouraged this by changing the site logo to a whale during the voting. In December of that year, Mister Splashy Pants was announced as the winner of the competition.[26]
Within the site, redditors commemorate their "cake day" once a year, which is the anniversary of the day the user's account was first created. The "cake day" offers no special benefit, except that a small icon representing a slice of cake appears next to that user's name for 24 hours.[27] Redditors can "friend" one another, which gives a redditor quick access to posting and comments of their friend list. The commenting system and friend system, along with a certain "Reddit ethos" (called reddiquette on Reddit), lend Reddit aspects of a social networking service, though not to the extent of Facebook, Google+, and other websites aimed at providing social networking services. The Reddit community also socializes at meetups held at local parks and bars around the world,[28] and many localized subreddits for local in-person meetings exist. Subreddits
Reddit entries are organized into areas of interest called "subreddits". Originally, the front page was the "main-reddit", and other areas were "subreddits". There is now no longer a single main-reddit. Instead, there are now 50 "default subreddits" dealing with topics such as books, television, and music, and thousands of additional non-default subreddits. The default subreddits are the 50 subreddits which are first recommended to new users to select from to appear on, or via their customizable top menu bars. All new users are initially automatically "subscribed to" the 50 default subreddits, but can then customize their "subscriptions."
Any registered user who has maintained an account for 31 days or more may create a non-default subreddit.[29] There are over 11,400 active total subreddits to peruse,[15][16][17] including the default set of 50 subreddits as of February 2016. The site has a default "Front Page" which contains staff selected popular articles, and also an "All Page" which contains only the very top ranked article/ subreddits as ranked by readers themselves, and which page is accessible via an "All" link at the top of the "Front Page."
In an interview with Memeburn, Reddit GM, Martin noted that the platform's "approach is to give the community moderators or curators as much control as possible so that they can shape and cultivate the type of communities they want".[30] IAmA and AMA
One of the most popular subreddits is IAmA ("I Am A") where a user may post "AMAs" (for "Ask Me Anything"), or similarly "AMAAs" (for "Ask Me Almost/Absolutely Anything") – prompts for others to ask questions about any topic. AMAs are open to all Reddit users, and use the site's comment system for both questions and answers; it is similar to a press conference but online. This subreddit was founded in May 2009.[31] From 2013 to 2015, Victoria Taylor assisted reddit's volunteer community in presenting interviews.[32][33][34]
A number of notable individuals have participated in the IAmA subreddit, including United States President Barack Obama[35][36] (while campaigning for the 2012 election), Dave Grohl,[37] Madonna,[38] Chris Hadfield[39] (who answered questions from the International Space Station), Bill Gates,[40] Ron Paul,[41] Stephen Colbert,[42] Psy, Enya, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Rachel Maddow, Robin Williams,[43] Renée Fleming, M. Shadows, Louis C.K., Roger Federer, Larry King, Philip Zimbardo, Bill Nye,[44] Stan Lee, John Mather, David Copperfield, Michael Moore, Spike Lee, Paul Krugman, Danny Boyle, rapper J. Cole,[45] Al Gore, Roger Ebert, Michael Bolton, Gary Johnson, Lawrence Krauss, Jill Stein, Kevin Rudd, Julie Benz,[46] Amanda Palmer,[47] Tim Ferriss,[48] Gordon Ramsay,[49] Peter Dinklage,[50] Chandra Wickramasinghe,[51] Neil deGrasse Tyson,[52] and Bernie Sanders.[53] Donald Trump (during his 2016 Presidential Campaign) had an AMA on /The Donald subreddit.[54] As of April 2015, Barack Obama's AMA is the highest rated on the site;[55] the increased traffic brought down many parts of the website when the AMA occurred on August 29, 2012.[56]
Celebrities participating in IAmAs have seen both positive and negative responses. Woody Harrelson's[57] AMA was criticized after Harrelson declined to answer questions that were unrelated to the movie Rampart he was promoting.[58] In contrast, rapper Snoop Dogg attracted 1.6 million page views[59] after conducting an AMA that provided several candid responses to the community's questions.[60]
Other than Harrelson's, Bollywood actress Priyanka Chopra's[61] AMA was criticized for evasiveness when she focused on promoting her upcoming album to the detriment of other questions. A particularly well received AMA of 2014 was that of Peter Dinklage,[62] best known for his role as Tyrion Lannister in the HBO drama series Game of Thrones. Redditors attribute the thread's success to the thoroughness of his responses and the fact that he stayed online much longer than he was expected to so he could spend more time with his fans. The actor departed by commenting:
This feels like being interviewed by a hundred thousand news anchors at once! But much friendlier anchors...who seem to know their material...I really appreciate everyone's enthusiasm and questions. I tried to move another engagement to make more time but it's really hard during shoots. I am going to try to answer a few more short ones now. And remember: If you see me on the street and want a photo, ask! It's just weird when your kid asks for directions.[63] 
On July 2, 2015, hundreds of subreddits, including several with over a million subscribers, were set to private by their respective moderators after Reddit's director of talent, Victoria Taylor, was dismissed.[64][65][66][67] Sources close to Reddit cited an increased focus on commercializing AMAs as the most likely reason.[68][69] /science File:American Chemical Society - What Chemists Do - Nathan Allen.webmPlay media Nathan Allen speaks about /science to the American Chemical Society Main article: /science
/science is an Internet forum on Reddit where the community of participants discuss science topics.[70] A popular feature of the forum is "Ask me Anything" (AMA) public discussions.[70] As of 2014, /science attracted 30,000–100,000 visitors per day, making it the largest community-managed science forum and an attractive place to host discussions.[70] April Fools subreddits The Button Main article: The Button (Reddit)
On April Fools' Day 2015, a social experiment was launched in the form of a subreddit called "thebutton". It featured a button and a 60-second countdown timer. User accounts created before that day were eligible to participate. A user could only ever click the button once, or opt not to click it. If a user clicked the button the timer was globally reset to 60 seconds,[71] and the user's "flair" (an icon next to the user's name) changed color. Colors were assigned based on a gradient from purple to red with purple signifying up to 60 seconds and red as low as 0 seconds. The countdown prematurely reached zero several times due to technical problems but eventually expired without further problems on June 5, 2015, after which the subreddit was archived.[72] Robin
On April Fools' Day 2016, a social experiment was launched in the form of a chat widget named Robin. After clicking the "Robin" button, an IRC-like chat window was initially opened with one other redditor and giving a certain time to pick between three options, "Grow," "Stay" and "Abandon".[73] "Grow" would join the chat with another group, "Stay" would close the group chat and create a subreddit with that group as moderators and "Abandon" would close the group chat and everyone goes back to a group of two. History Further information: Timeline of Reddit Co-founder Alexis Ohanian speaking in 2009
In June 2005,[74] Reddit was founded in Medford, Massachusetts by Steve Huffman and Alexis Ohanian, both 22-year-old graduates of the University of Virginia.[75] The team expanded to include Christopher Slowe in November 2005. Between November 2005 and January 2006 Reddit merged with Aaron Swartz's company Infogami, and Swartz became an equal owner of the resulting parent company, Not A Bug.[76][77] Condé Nast Publications, owner of Wired, acquired Reddit on October 31, 2006, and the team moved to San Francisco.[78] In January 2007, Swartz was fired.[79]
By the end of 2008, the team had grown to include Erik Martin, Jeremy Edberg,[80] David King,[81] and Mike Schiraldi.[82] In 2009, Huffman and Ohanian moved on to form Hipmunk, recruiting Slowe[83] and King[84] shortly thereafter. In May 2010, Reddit was named in Lead411's "2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies" list.[85] In July 2010, after explosive traffic growth, Reddit introduced Reddit Gold, offering new features for a price of $3.99/month or $29.99/year.[86] Reddit Gold adds a number of features to the interface, including the ability to display more comments on a page, access to the private "lounge" subreddit, and notifications whenever one's username is mentioned in a comment. It's also possible to endow comments or submissions of other users and thereby give a gold membership to them as an anonymous present.[87]
On September 6, 2011, Reddit became operationally independent of Condé Nast, now operating as a separate subsidiary of its parent company, Advance Publications.[88] On January 11, 2012, Reddit announced that it would be participating in a 12-hour sitewide blackout in protest of the Stop Online Piracy Act.[89] The blackout occurred on January 18 and coincided with the blackouts of Wikipedia and several other websites. In May 2012, Reddit joined the Internet Defense League, a group formed to organize future protests.[90] On February 14, 2013, Reddit began accepting the digital currency bitcoin for its Reddit Gold subscription service through a partnership with bitcoin payment processor Coinbase.[91]
In October 2014, Reddit announced Redditmade, a service which allowed moderators to create merchandise for their subreddits. Redditmade closed in February 2015.[92] In November 2014, Chief Executive Yishan Wong resigned and co-founder Ohanian returned as the full-time executive chairman. Ellen Pao, Reddit's business and partnerships strategist became the interim chief executive.[93] On July 10, 2015, Pao resigned and was replaced by Steve Huffman as CEO.[94][95]
In October 2015, Reddit announced a news portal called Upvoted, designed to broaden the reach of Reddit as a standalone site featuring editorial content from Reddit users.[96] In April 2016, Reddit launched a new blocking tool in an attempt to curb online harassment. The tool allows a user to hide posts and comments from selected redditors in addition to blocking private messages from those redditors.[97] The option to block a redditor is done by clicking a button in the inbox. Technology
Reddit was originally written in Common Lisp but was rewritten in Python in December 2005.[4] The reasons given for the switch were wider access to code libraries and greater development flexibility. The Python web framework that former Reddit employee Swartz developed to run the site, web.py, is now available as an open-source project.[98] On June 18, 2008, Reddit became an open source project.[99] With the exception of the anti-spam/cheating portions, all of the code and libraries written for Reddit became freely available on GitHub.[100] As of November 10, 2009, Reddit uses Pylons as its web framework.[101]
As of November 10, 2009, Reddit has decommissioned their physical servers and migrated to Amazon Web Services.[102] Reddit uses PostgreSQL as their primary datastore and is slowly moving to Apache Cassandra, a column-oriented datastore. It uses RabbitMQ for offline processing, HAProxy for load balancing and memcached for caching. In early 2009, Reddit started using jQuery.[103] On June 7, 2010, Reddit staff launched a revamped mobile interface featuring rewritten CSS, a new color scheme, and a multitude of improvements.[104]
On July 21, 2010, Reddit outsourced the Reddit search engine to Flaptor, who used its search product IndexTank.[105] As of July 12, 2012, Reddit uses Amazon CloudSearch.[106] There are several unofficial applications that use the Reddit API in the Google Play store, and F-Droid repository. Examples include: Reddit is Fun,[107] Andreddit,[108] F5, BaconReader,[109] Reddit Sync[110] and an Android tablet specific application called Reddita.[111] There are also several Windows apps used to access Reddit, including unofficial Reddit apps such as ReddHub[112] and Reddit To Go!.[113] An unofficial desktop application Reditr[114] exists that is compatible with Windows, OS X, Linux and ChromeOS.
There are several Reddit applications for iOS. These include Karma, Upvote, iReddit, iPad-specific applications such as Reddzine and Biscuit, and, until April 2016, Alien Blue.[115] In September 2014, an official mobile application for browsing AMA (Ask Me Anything) threads was released for the iOS and Android platforms under the name Ask me Anything.[116] In October 2014, Alien Blue was acquired by Reddit and became the official iOS Reddit app.[117] In April 2016, Reddit released an official application called Reddit: The Official App, which is available on Google Play and the iOS App Store, and Alien Blue was removed from the App Store in favor of the new app.[118] Demographics
According to Reddit's Audience and Demographics page, as of December 2015, 53% of redditors are male and 54% are from the United States.[119] In 2013, Pewinternet stated that 6% of all American adult Internet users have used Reddit; that males were twice as likely to be redditors as females were; and that Reddit's largest age bracket was between the ages of 18 and 29.[120] As of the end of 2016, Reddit is the only major social media platform that does not have a female majority user base.[121] Community and culture
The website is known for its open nature and diverse user community that generate its content.[122] Its demographics allows for wide-ranging subject areas, or main subreddits, that receive much attention, as well as the ability for smaller subreddits to serve more niche purposes. For example, the University of Reddit, a subreddit that exists to communally teach, emerged from the ability to enter and leave the online forum, the "classroom", at will, and classes ranging from computer science to music, to fine art theory exist.[123] The unique possibilities that subreddits provide create new opportunities for raising attention and fostering discussion across many areas. In gaining popularity in terms of unique users per day, Reddit has been a platform for many to raise publicity for a number of causes. And with that increased ability to garner attention and a large audience, users can use one of the largest communities on the Internet for new, revolutionary, and influential purposes.[124]
Its popularity has enabled users to take unprecedented advantage of such a large community. Its innovative socially ranked rating and sorting system drives a method that is useful for fulfilling certain goals of viewership or simply finding answers to interesting questions. User sentiments about the website's function and structure include feelings about the breadth and depth of the discussions on Reddit and how the site makes it easy to discover new and interesting items. Almost all of the user reviews on Alexa.com, which rates Reddit's monthly unique traffic rating 125th in the United States, mention Reddit's "good content" as a likable quality. However, others raise the negative aspects of the potential for Reddit's communities to possess a "hive mind" of sorts,[125] embodying some negative aspects of group interaction theories like crowd psychology and collective consciousness. Philanthropic efforts
Reddit has been known as the instigator of several charity projects, some short and others long-term, in order to benefit others. A selection of major events are outlined below:
In early October 2010, a story was posted on Reddit about a seven-year-old girl, Kathleen Edward, who was in the advanced stages of Huntington's disease. The girl's neighbors were taunting her and her family. Redditors banded together and gave the girl a shopping spree[126][127] at Tree Town Toys, a toy store local to the story owned by a Reddit user. In early December 2010, members of the Christianity subreddit decided to hold a fundraiser[128] and later members of the atheism subreddit decided to give some friendly competition,[129] cross-promoting[130] fundraising drives for Doctors Without Borders and World Vision's Clean Water Fund, respectively. Later, the Islam subreddit joined in, raising money for Islamic Relief. In less than a week, the three communities (as well as the Reddit community at large) raised over $50,000.[131] Most of this was raised by the atheism subreddit, though the smaller Christianity subreddit had a higher average donation amount per subscriber.[132] A similar donation drive in 2011 saw the atheism subreddit raise over $200,000 for charity.[133] Reddit started the largest Secret Santa program in the world, which is still in operation to date. For the 2010 Holiday season, 92 countries were involved in the Secret Santa program. There were 17,543 participants, and $662,907.60 was collectively spent on gift purchases and shipping costs.[134][135][136] In 2014, about 200,000 users from 188 countries participated.[137] Several celebrities have participated in the program, including Bill Gates[138] and Snoop Dogg.[139] Eventually, the Secret Santa program expanded to various other occasions through Redditgifts. Members from Reddit donated over $600,000 to DonorsChoose in support of Stephen Colbert's March to Keep Fear Alive. The donation spree broke previous records for the most money donated to a single cause by the Reddit community and resulted in an interview with Colbert on Reddit.[140] Reddit users donated $185,356 to Direct Relief for Haiti after an earthquake devastated the nation in January 2010.[141] Reddit users donated over $70,000 to the Faraja Orphanage in the first 24 hours to help secure the orphanage after intruders robbed and attacked one of the volunteers, who survived a strike to the head from a machete.[142] In October 2012, "Shitty Watercolour", a popular Redditor known for posting watercolor paintings on the website,[143][144][145] streamed live a 12-hour painting session on YouTube to raise money for charity: water, a non-profit organization which aims to provide potable drinking water in developing countries. Redditors donated a minimum of $10 to have a photo of their choice painted in a 5 by 5 centimetres (2.0 by 2.0 in) square section of large sheets of paper.[146][147] The paint-a-thon raised $2,700.[148] In February 2014, Reddit announced it would be donating 10% of its annual ad revenue to non-profits voted upon by its users.[149] Reddit continued this policy for 2015, donating $82,765 each to Electronic Frontier Foundation, Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Doctors Without Borders, Erowid Center, Wikimedia Foundation, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, NPR, Free Software Foundation, Freedom From Religion Foundation, and Tor Project.[150] In response to the 2015 Nepal earthquake, redditors raised more than $145,000 for Direct Relief and more than $110,000 for MAP International.[151] 
Commercial activity
In February 2013, Betabeat published a post that recognized the influx of multi-national corporations like Costco, Taco Bell, Subaru, and McDonald's posting branded content on Reddit that was made to appear as if it was original content from legitimate Reddit users.[152] Reddit's former Director of Communications noted that while a large number of Chief Marketing Officers want to "infiltrate the reddit community on behalf of their brand," she emphasized that "self-promotion is frowned upon" and the site is "100 percent organic."[153][154][155][156] She recommended that advertisers design promotions that "spark conversations and feedback."[157] She recommended that businesses use AMAs to get attention for public figures but cautioned "It is important to approach AMAs carefully and be aware that this may not be a fit for every project or client."[158] Nissan ran a successful Branded content promotion offering users free gifts to publicize a new car,[159][160] though the company was later ridiculed for suspected astroturfing when the CEO only answered puff piece questions on the site.[161][162] Taylor described these situations as "high risk" noting "We try hard to educate people that they have to treat questions that may seem irreverent or out of left field the same as they would questions about the specific project they are promoting."[163]
Reddit's users are more privacy-conscious than on other websites, using tools like AdBlock and proxies,[164] and they hate "feeling manipulated by brands" but respond well to "content that begs for intelligent viewers and participants."[165] Lauren Orsini writes in ReadWrite that "Reddit's huge community is the perfect hype machine for promoting a new movie, a product release, or a lagging political campaign" but "very specific set of etiquette. Redditors don't want to advertise for you, they want to talk to you."[166] Journalists have used the site as a basis for stories, though they are advised by the site's policies to respect that "reddit's communities belong to their members" and to seek proper attribution for people's contributions.[167]
Reddit announced that they would begin using VigLink to redirect affiliate links in June 2016.[168] Reddit effect Main article: Slashdot effect
Also known as the "Slashdot effect", the Reddit effect occurs when a smaller website has a high influx of traffic after being linked to on Reddit.[169] It is also called the "Reddit Hug of Death" among the website's users. Because Reddit is such a large site, the traffic is immense and can easily crash smaller sites. In order for users to see crashed websites, several Reddit bots have been created that take a snapshot of the website before large amounts of traffic flood the affected website. "Restoring Truthiness" campaign
As a response to Glenn Beck's August 28, 2010, Restoring Honor rally (heavily promoted by him in his Fox News broadcasts during the summer), in September 2010 Reddit users started a movement to persuade satirist Stephen Colbert to have a counter-rally in Washington, D.C.[170] The movement, which came to be called "Restoring Truthiness", was started by user mrsammercer, in a post where he described waking up from a dream in which Stephen Colbert was holding a satirical rally in D.C.[171] He writes, "This would be the high water mark of American satire. Half a million people pretending to suspend all rational thought in unison. Perfect harmony. It'll feel like San Francisco in the late 60s, only we won't be able to get any acid."
The idea resonated with the Reddit community, which launched a campaign to bring the event to life. Over $600,000[172] was raised for charity to gain the attention of Colbert. The campaign was mentioned on-air several times, and when the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear was held in Washington, D.C. on October 30, 2010, thousands of redditors made the journey.[173]
During a post-rally press conference, Reddit co-founder Ohanian asked, "What role did the Internet campaign play in convincing you to hold this rally?" Jon Stewart responded by saying that, though it was a very nice gesture, the two had already thought of the idea prior and the deposit on using the National Mall was already paid during the summer, so it acted mostly as a "validation of what we were thinking about attempting".[174] In a message to the Reddit community, Colbert later added, "I have no doubt that your efforts to organize and the joy you clearly brought to your part of the story contributed greatly to the turnout and success."[175] Controversies See also: Controversial Reddit communities and Michael Brutsch
The website generally lets moderators on individual subreddits make editorial decisions about what content to allow, and has a history of permitting some subreddits dedicated to controversial content.[176] Many of the default pages are highly moderated, with the "science" subreddit banning climate change denialism,[177] and the "news" subreddit banning opinion pieces and columns.[178] Reddit has changed its site-wide editorial policies several times, sometimes in reaction to controversies.[179][180][181][182] Reddit has had a history of giving a platform to objectionable but legal content, and in 2011, news media covered the way that jailbait was being shared on the site before the site changed their policies to explicitly ban "suggestive or sexual content featuring minors".[183] Following some controversial incidents of Internet vigilantism, Reddit introduced a strict rule against the publication of non-public personally-identifying information via the site (colloquially known as doxxing). Those who break the rule are subject to a site-wide ban, and their posts and even entire communities may be removed for breaking the rule. 2010
On December 16, 2010, a redditor named Matt posted a link describing how he has donated a kidney, and included a JustGive link to encourage users to give donations to the American Cancer Society.[184] After an initially positive reaction, Reddit users began to become suspicious of Matt's intentions, and suggested that he was keeping the donations for himself. Users telephoned his home and he received death threats. Matt eventually proved that he was genuine by uploading his doctor's records.[185] 2011
On October 18, 2011, an IT manager submitted a post to the subreddit "gameswap" offering Redditors to trade one of 312 codes he had been given for the game Deus Ex: Human Revolution.[186] A group of users obtained his personal details, and began to blackmail him for the codes.[187] The Monday after uploading the post, he received 138 threatening phone calls both at home and at his job, and by the end of the day he had been fired.[188] 2013
Following the 2013 Boston Marathon bombings, Reddit faced criticism after users wrongly identified a number of people as suspects.[189] Notable among misidentified bombing suspects was Sunil Tripathi, a student reported missing before the bombings took place. A body reported to be Sunil's was found in Providence River in Rhode Island on April 25, 2013, according to Rhode Island Health Department. The cause of death was not immediately known, but authorities said they did not suspect foul play.[190] The family later confirmed Tripathi's death was a result of suicide.[191] Reddit general manager Martin later issued an apology for this behavior, criticizing the "online witch hunts and dangerous speculation" that took place on the website.[192] The incident was later referenced in the season 5 episode of the CBS TV series The Good Wife titled "Whack-a-Mole,"[193] as well as The Newsroom.[194][195]
In late October 2013, the moderators of the "politics" subreddit banned a large group of websites. Many were left wing opinion websites, such as Mother Jones, The Huffington Post, Salon, Alternet, Rawstory, The Daily Kos, Truthout, Media Matters, and ThinkProgress as well as some popular progressive blog sites, such as Democratic Underground and Crooks and Liars. They also banned a number of right wing sites—Drudge Report, Breitbart, The Daily Caller, Dailypaul, Power Line, and Reason. Salon reported that "the section's moderators explained in a post on Tuesday, the goal is 'to reduce the number of blogspam submissions and sensationalist titles.' The purge, the moderators explained, is also aimed at sites that provide lots of "bad journalism."[196] The December 2013 list of banned websites has been modified since late October, and sites with original content, such as Mother Jones and The Huffington Post, are allowed.[197] Moderators also banned RT, which moderators stated was due to vote manipulation and spam, though one moderator stated that he wanted RT banned because it is Kremlin backed.[198][199] 2014
In August 2014, photos from the 2014 celebrity photo hack were widely disseminated across the site.[200][201] A dedicated subreddit, "TheFappening," was created for this purpose,[202] and contained links to most if not all of the criminally obtained explicit images.[203][204][205][206][207] Some images of Liz Lee and McKayla Maroney from the leak were identified by redditors and outside commentators as child pornography because the photos were taken when the women were underage.[208] The subreddit was banned on September 6.[209] The scandal led to wider criticisms concerning the website's administration from The Verge and The Daily Dot.[210][211]
Also in August 2014, moderators and administrators censored a sizeable amount of content related to the GamerGate controversy; one thread in the "gaming" subreddit had almost 24,000 comments removed.[212] Multiple subreddits were deleted by administrators for voicing opinions on Zoe Quinn, Anita Sarkeesian, Brianna Wu and similarly important GamerGate controversy figures.[213] The subreddit "ZoeQuinnDiscussion" was banned for violating the Reddit rules.[214] Administrators defended this response when questioned, blaming 4chan for raiding threads and causing harm. This was debated by some redditors.[215] An anonymous subreddit moderator claims he was removed for leaking correspondence between himself and Zoe Quinn.[216] On December 18, 2014, Reddit took the unusual step of banning a subreddit, "SonyGOP," that was being used to distribute hacked Sony files.[217] 2015
After Ellen Pao became CEO, she was initially a target of criticism by users who objected to her lawsuit.[218] Later on June 10, 2015, Reddit shut down the 150,000-subscriber "fatpeoplehate" subreddit and four others citing issues related to harassment.[219] This move was seen as very controversial; some commenters said that the bans went too far, while others said that the bans did not go far enough.[220] One of the latter complaints concerned a subreddit that was "expressing support" for the perpetrator of the Charleston church shooting.[221] Responding to the accusations of "skewed enforcement", Reddit reaffirmed their commitment to free expression and stated that "There are some subreddits with very little viewership that get highlighted repeatedly for their content, but those are a tiny fraction of the content on the site."
On July 2, 2015, Reddit began experiencing a series of blackouts as moderators set popular subreddit communities to private, in an event dubbed "AMAgeddon," a portmanteau of AMA ("ask me anything") and Armageddon. This was done in protest of the recent firing of Victoria Taylor, an administrator who helped organize citizen-led interviews with famous people on the popular "Ask me Anything" subreddit. Organizers of the blackout also expressed resentment about the recent severance of the communication between Reddit and the moderators of subreddits.[222] The blackout intensified on July 3 when former community manager David Croach gave an AMA about being fired. Before deleting his posts, he stated that Ellen Pao dismissed him with one year of health coverage when he had cancer and did not recover quickly enough.[223][224] Following this, a Change.org petition to remove Pao as CEO of Reddit Inc. reached over 200,000 signatures.[225][226][227] Pao posted a response on July 3 as well as an extended version of it on July 6 in which she apologized for bad communication and not delivering on promises. She also apologized on behalf of the other administrators and noted that problems already existed over the past several years.[228][229][230][231] On July 10, Pao resigned as CEO and was replaced by former CEO and co-founder Steve Huffman.[94][232]
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